Kangal (Kangal Karabash) - A breed of service dogs, which belongs to the family of Turkish Shepherds. Its representatives are known in Central and Eastern Turkey - in the homeland of the breed - from the Middle Ages. The closest relatives of the Kangals are Anatolian Karabash, Akbash and Kars. They only know about their ancestors that they were dogs of the northern breeds.
The Kangals got their name by the name of the district in the Sivash region in Central Turkey. Historically, they have been used as guards of sheep flocks capable of scaring away jackals, wolves, and even a bear. Since Sivasha is a fairly isolated area, the blood of the Kangals almost did not mix with the blood of other breeds.
Some dog breeders' organizations insist on combining the kangal and their shepherd dogs in one breed, but most breeders are against it, since they consider different types of Turkish shepherds to be unique.
Kangal is known as the only Turkish breed officially recognized in its homeland, it is revered almost as a national treasure and one of the symbols of Turkey. The export of Kangals from the country is controlled by the authorities. In the 80s of the XX century, Kangal karabash was brought to the United States, after which they were successfully bred in Western countries.
Kangal is a large dog: its height at the withers reaches 71-89 centimeters, weight - from 34 to 69 kilograms, females usually from 40 kg, males - from 50 kg. Bitches are on average 9 centimeters lower and 10 kilograms lighter. Kangal Karabash has a strong physique with powerful muscles. Its head is large, hanging ears have a triangular shape and are rounded at the ends, are raised at the alert individuals.
The Kangals have a long, high-set, fluffy tail, bent into a donut, which makes them look like northern dogs. The Kangal karabash is characterized by a considerable density of the coat, while their coat is short, tightly adjacent to the body.
The main colors of the kangal are considered to be brown-yellow and grayish-brown, for example, reddish-yellow color of all shades. It is noteworthy that all colors should be with a black “mask” on the dog’s face, this is one of the features of the Kangal Karabash.
The Kangal Karabash has a freedom-loving character in the sense that keeping him in a confined space is highly discouraged. Dogs of this breed need regular long walks and physical activity. First of all, it is a service dog, strong and hardy, which languishes and becomes aggressive without work. Kangal is one of the best guard dogs with a developed possessive feeling, trained.
Meanwhile, the Kangals are friendly dogs. Since childhood, they need formative communication with the owners and other dogs, in everyday life they show themselves to be peaceful.
The average life span of Kangals is 12-15 years.
Dogs of this breed are recommended to comb out several times a week with a special brush, especially carefully during molting, and bathe regularly. Kangals are not picky in food.
A Brief Description of the Kangal Dog Breed
- Other names for Turkish Kangal: Kangal Dog, Karabash, Anatolian Dog, Karabash, Anatolian Shepherd Dog, Anatoly Karabash.
- Adult Dog Growth: up to 80-90 cm at the withers (individuals are 10 cm higher), females - 70-80 cm.
- Weight: male - 58 kg, female - 48 kg.
- Characteristic color: fawn with grayish yellow, tan or tan, on the muzzle a gray-black “mask”.
- Wool Length: short-haired, with a dense undercoat.
- Life span: 12-15 years old.
- Advantages of the breed: impressive size, hardy runners, strong, harmoniously built, unpretentious to food and care, not aggressive.
- The complexity of the breed: It is not recommended to purchase a kangal for keeping in a city apartment, because: dogs need a long daily daily stay in the fresh air, constant significant physical exertion and responsibilities, they have a long and plentiful molt.
- Average price: 700-1500 dollars, in Turkey - 2,500 euros.
The history of the origin of Kangal
Kangal is an old and popular shepherd breed in Turkey, currently prohibited for export outside the country. Breeders in the homeland of the breed do not seek to dilute the blood of the wards, acting in accordance with the law and their own desire to maintain the pure breed of these dogs. Therefore, the Turkish Kangals retained all the signs of their ancestors, which, according to legend, came from the beloved dog of the Ottoman padishah, who received the animal as a gift from one of the Indian princes.
What are nature intended for?
Representatives of the breed are considered some of the best helpers of the shepherdsworking with large flocks of sheep or goats. A pair of Kangals will reliably protect a herd of 200 goals from the attack of wolves, jackals, coyotes.
Kangals are brave, quick-witted, devoted to the owner and his "pack", if necessary without hesitation they enter into battle with the enemy, superior in weight and height.
Do not suffer from mood swingsif kept in the right conditions and receive enough physical exertion.
Despite its solid size and courageous character, generally loving, willingly make contact with people appearing in sight along with the owner.
How to choose a kangal puppy
Anatoly Karabash puppies begin to be disassembled when they reach the age of 2-2.5 months. When deciding to breed Kangals, it is necessary read the documents of parents puppies.
When considering a litter, choose a puppy:
- tall, well folded,
- with shiny eyes and a wet nose,
- actively eating and playing with brothers and sisters.
Choosing a nickname, consider:
- that short nicknames are remembered by animals faster,
- the appropriateness of a name for a dog soon waving into a small "calf",
- that sometimes you’ll have to call your friend in a loud, loud voice, so his name will be heard by people within a radius of 200-300 meters,
- that the names of the wards from the genealogy are complex, consisting of several words (it is desirable that the inherited names are consonant with the nickname of the new successor of the genus).
Care and maintenance of the dog Turkish Kangal
Not recommended to put a karabash dog on a chain.
Kangals need space, air, loads, territory that needs to be protected. Therefore, it is best to start a representative of such a breed only private house owners with its own land, where the dog can run freely from morning to night.
Dogs tolerate heat and cold well. In the case of extremely high temperatures, the animal must have free access to clean water and a shaded area. With severe frosts, dogs living in unheated enclosures are best taken to the house. This will prevent freezing of the ears and paws.
Puppies are fed three times a day, providing an individual weighing 6 kg the following saturation of the diet:
- beef - 130 g
- milk 100 g
- vegetables (carrots / beets) - 30 g,
- potatoes - 70 g
- oatmeal 50 g
- yeast, fish oil - 2.5 g each,
- bone meal - 4 g,
- pork fat, overheated - 9 g,
- bread - 88 g.
Adult Kangals They are not picky about food. They are fed twice a day (the norm of these products is tripled).
Turkish Kangal breed can be trained. In this case, you should behave with the dog correctly and politely, the dog does not accept screams.
Education and training of breed Turkish Kangal requires professional skills handling shepherd guard dogs. Kangal will never immediately show his willingness to submit to man, but only when he takes over him supremacy.
Advantages and disadvantages of Kangals
Obvious advantages can be attributed to the physical endurance of dogs, fearlessness, friendliness to people. The stable psyche of such a large and brave dog is also a very important plus of this breed.
Disadvantages: the difficulty of keeping in urban apartments, the significant cost of feeding an animal, the difficulty of buying a thoroughbred kangal, price.
How many watched the neighboring kangal, I have never seen him behave aggressively towards a weak one, be it a person or a small pet.
Near the kangal nothing is scary. Dogs are good, one drawback is that they eat a lot. Up to 3 liters of food should be given per day. And people do not quite adequately respond to them.
Breed Features and Character
Kangals are distinguished by their unpretentiousness. They are real hard workers and are called to help and serve humanity in the most severe conditions, without requiring any enhanced courtship.
From the stories of many shepherds it is known that the sheep found turkish shepherd kangal can protect for several days, do not eat or drink at the same time.
Not one case was known when in a duel with a wolf, who looked at the sheep, the Kangals defeated. Then the shepherd, as a token of gratitude, cut the largest sheep and gave it to the faithful dog.
They have an independent character. For them, only a real, strong-willed and internally strong master can become a great example. When raising a pet from a young age, do not be embittered.
Tough methods of education can turn the kangal into a real rampant dog. He is easy to learn and amenable to training, the main thing is to be persistent, diligent and not cruel. In order for the dog to grow up normal, he must initially live in an environment with people and his relatives.
Regarding the relationship puppies of Turkish kangal with children, then they are always friendly. Despite their impressive size and peculiar disposition, Kangals with understanding and love belong to children's quirks and can withstand the twitching of their tail. The main thing is to make clear to your child that a dog is also a living creature that should not be hurt.
The dog is not suitable for life in the apartment. They need space and a place to accelerate. Otherwise, she just becomes aggressive, irritable and angry. They need space, movement and cattle, which need to be monitored. This is the essence of the destination.
In a country house, it will be the most reliable guard. There is plenty of space so that the dog can run and enjoy life. It is important at the beginning of communication with the Kangal to make it clear to him that in a pair of dog-man the leader is man. Then playing and training with the puppy will do good.
They are terrible workaholics. Protect your territory or the facility entrusted to them until the last breath. As for their watchdog qualities, they can only be compared with the Moscow watchdogs in this.
If dog breed turkish kangal will be sufficiently provided with physical activities and work, they simply will not have energy for aggression and bad behavior. Such dogs have a stable psyche and an even, friendly relationship with all household members.
They are independent and freedom-loving. Not everyone can subjugate them, in some cases, the advice of professionals is needed. Often you can watch the now popular dog. fights, turkish kangal takes a direct part in them, and emerges victorious among his frequent rivals alabaev.
Description of the breed Turkish Kangal (standard requirements)
Photo of Turkish Kangal shows all its power and beauty. In real life, these qualities are doubled. Breed standards in each country are slightly different. But basically the height of the dog at the withers reaches 90 cm.
The average weight of kangal from 35 to 75 kg. They are endowed with a strong physique, with a powerful neck and strong limbs. Basically, females are always smaller than males.
Dogs have a thick, short coat with undercoat. In the coat color there are gray-yellow, brown with yellow and gray-brown tones. White color is unacceptable for the breed.
The muzzle must be decorated with a black mask. Despite its massive and impressive size, the dog controls its body with ease and without problems. The kangal moves easily, naturally and energetically. The average life expectancy of this breed is up to 15 years.
Care and maintenance of the Turkish Kangal
Before buy turkish kangal the person should assume, but will the dog feel comfortable and comfortable? As already mentioned by urban residents living in the apartment, you should not even think about it so as not to torment the dog.
The countryside, a country house - this is exactly what you need for a good life Kangal. They always like long walks, training. Diligence is the main thing that was laid in these dogs. Without work and physical exertion, they simply get bored and “get out of hand”.
Bathe the pet as needed. They need to be combed out with a special comb several times a week. Living conditions for this breed are not fundamental. They are comfortable with any temperature changes and in any conditions.
As for the choice of food, the last word is given to the owner of the dog. You can stop it on natural food, consisting of meat, fish, vegetables and fruits, or give preference to dry food.
In any case, their food should be high-calorie and with a sufficient amount of nutrients. Only in this way will the pet grow healthy, strong and cheerful. A leash for kangals is unacceptable. They need a territory where they can safely walk, frolic and exercise.
In general, this breed is distinguished by excellent health and well-being. Sometimes they can be exposed to bone diseases and eye problems. But with proper monitoring of the situation and a timely visit to the veterinarian, these problems can be avoided.
Turkish kangal price and reviews
You can find a dog for yourself in a special market or in Internet ads. In frequent cases, there are photos and videos of dogs. But there is no guarantee that the puppy will really come across a purebred breed.
In order to buy a real kangal it is better to contact specialized nurseries, where there is all the pedigree and other necessary information about the dog. Plus, the dog begins to vaccinate in such institutions from an early age, which is very important for her health.
The price of the Turkish kangal not little. There is a little puppy from 1000 dollars. And this is not surprising for such a beautiful breed, the reviews of which are the most positive. All their breeders, as one say, that the kangal are excellent guards and working dogs. They are the perfect help and support to the person.
Only some of the difficulties arising from the maintenance of Kangals confuse people - these are considerable costs to feed them and the complete impossibility to keep a dog in a city apartment.