If your cat’s habitual behavior has changed, it’s possible that some kind of illness is causing it. Diseases in pets can begin due to viruses, bacteria or due to injury. But we must not forget that some serious diseases can cause parasites.
Parasites in cats are quite common. They can be transmitted through feces, wool, and sometimes through mother's milk. Such pests are scary, first of all, for weak or elderly cats. We must not forget that from cats parasites very easily pass to people.
Types of parasites in cats
According to the location of the parasite's habitat, they distinguish:
External (parasites that live on the hair and skin of a cat),
Internal (in this case, they live in the body of the animal and destroy the insides)
External parasites are insects (ticks, lice, fleas) and arachnids, which suck blood and consume skin. Internal - this is a tapeworm, roundworms and nematodes.
In order to quickly respond in case of infection of the animal and immediately begin treatment, the owners of cats need to know about the types of parasites and means of combating them.
These parasites can live everywhere, and differ in their ability to make very large jumps in comparison with the size of their body. Their habitat is cat hair. If parasites are found, treatment should be started immediately, otherwise it is fraught with serious consequences. It is necessary to treat the animal's hair with a special tool, as well as the whole house.
The most common species are ear mites. When these parasites appear, cats begin to shake their heads and constantly scratch their ears. To establish that a tick has settled in the ears, you should draw a cotton pad along the inside of the ear and look at the surface of the disc through a magnifying glass - white insects and red discharge should be visible. To avoid complications, it is necessary to treat the ears with special tools.
There are many types of worms that live in cats and cause disease. It should be remembered that these parasites can be transmitted to humans. Most often, young cats or those that receive less nutrients and vitamins from food suffer from these pests. How severe the disease will depend on the number of worms in the body, the age of the animal and its state of health. Symptoms will include weight loss, coughing, diarrhea, and vomiting. It is necessary to immediately begin treatment if such symptoms are detected, and then there will be a high probability of a successful outcome.
To exclude the possibility of re-infection, it is necessary to remove raw fish and meat from the cat's diet, give only processed products, clean water, wash the animal in a timely manner and keep the apartment clean. All of these precautions should help keep your cat healthy.
Cutaneous (external) parasites in cats and cats
The most common skin parasites in cats are fleas, lice and ticks. Their distinguishing feature is the fact that they live on the skin and in the hair of a pet.
Fleas are one of the most common types of external parasites in cats. Their features, signs and tips on how to get them from the animal and out of the apartment:
|Laying eggs that transform into larvae within 2-14 days. Depending on the living conditions, an adult can develop from a larva both in a few days and in a few months.||Cat's blood (temporarily canine or human). An adult flea can do without food for several months.|
For the removal of fleas are used:
- Medical shampoos (are the most effective and gentle means)
- Drops (applied to the withers, allow you to quickly get rid of insects, but can cause allergies and residual effects),
- Sprays (effective, but sometimes there is an allergic reaction)
- Collar (current preventive measure).
After that, the apartment is sanitized.
Lice are the second most common external parasite in cats. About how to deal with them, signs and features, we will tell:
|Areas where the hair is thicker, as well as the head and neck.||Laying and attaching to the hairs of small white eggs (nits) up to 7 pieces per day. The appearance of lice from them in a few days.||They suck blood, often eat pieces of skin and hair.|
Ear and ixodid ticks
Ticks are one of the most unpleasant and dangerous skin parasite insects in cats.
“Tasty” areas for ticks: head (ears for an ear tick), chin and back.
|The female lays up to 5 eggs a day, on the 4th day larvae hatch from them, from which nymphs form.||Ticks attached to the skin actively suck the blood of the animal.|
To get rid of ticks in cats, shampoos based on benzoyl peroxide or chlorhexidine are used. For skin treatment, special solutions, ointments and sprays prescribed by a veterinarian are used. In combination with these drugs, immunostimulating agents are prescribed. If secondary infections occur, antibiotics are used in the treatment.
Causes of skin parasites in cats
The main reasons for the appearance of external parasites in cats include:
- Contact with an infected animal
- Inadequate hygiene of the skin and coat,
- Transfer through tools for cutting hair, in some cases - mats,
- Ticks can be brought into the house by a person on personal belongings.
Symptoms of cutaneous parasites in cats
Common symptoms of external parasites in cats include:
- Pronounced anxiety
- Combed and bitten patches of skin,
- Frequent weight loss
- Signs of dermatitis - redness, crust,
- Partial baldness,
- Sleep disturbances
- Anemia - in severe cases.
The most distinctive symptoms of skin parasites in cats include:
- With fleas, small white grains in the coat (eggs) are noticeable, in addition, fleas, unlike lice, are jumping,
- With lice, nits attached to the hairs and black dots (excrement of individuals) are visible
- With ear mites, a brown liquid sometimes flows out of the combed ear, forming dark lumps in the shell: ear scabies - otodectosis,
- Ixodid ticks that dig into the skin are visible to the naked eye.
A detailed workshop on skin parasites in cats in the video:
Types, titles and photos
Demodex (Demodex cati). Microscopic vermiform organism. Lives in the hair bulb of an animal, moves at night. It feeds on excess body fat. With a decrease in immunity, the tick manifests itself, emitting toxic waste. Insufficient nutrition causes its death after 2-3 weeks. Decaying, the tick provokes the appearance of inflammation in the cat.
Scabies. It is localized near the ears and on the face. Deeply affects the subcutaneous layer. It can lead to blood poisoning.
Notoedres cati. It goes unnoticed for a long time. It provokes the development of scabies, which is often replaced by a fungus and dangerous bacterial infections.
Reasons for the appearance
The causes of subcutaneous parasites in cats are as follows:
- Interaction with the owner’s clothes and shoes, on which he could bring ticks,
- Contact with infected relatives,
- Untimely vaccination
- Lack of inspections.
The main symptoms of subcutaneous parasites in cats are:
- Irritation and inflammation,
- Rash of dandruff
- Hair loss in some areas,
- Loss of appetite,
- The appearance of wet wounds,
- The appearance of pustules.
Internal (intestinal) parasites in cats and cats
Many types of helminths can occur in cats. There are 3 main types of internal intestinal parasitic worms in cats - nematodes, cestodes and trematodes. We will describe them in detail - about the causes of the appearance, symptoms of internal parasites in cats, as well as other features of each species. Most often visually, these parasites can be found in feces in cats. Here is the most detailed about all the worms in cats.
|Title and Features||Reasons for the appearance||Symptoms|
|The most common worms are roundworms, of which there are a huge number of varieties. |
Most often, the feline organism is affected by roundworms. Their length can reach 5 cm. Worms move in the thickness of the contents of the small intestine. but can affect other internal organs. When there are too many, worms can clog the intestines or bile ducts. They cause allergies and severe poisoning of the body. Nematodes feed on the blood of an infected animal.
The most famous nematodes include roundworms. Roundworms are one of the most dangerous parasites in cats, which, among other things, are also transmitted to humans. For the treatment of these worms, universal types of anthelmintics are recommended. The drug is administered to the animal through the mouth in two divided doses, between which 14 days should pass. Disinfect "cat things". With the required retreatment, another drug is prescribed.
|Title and Features||Reasons for the appearance||Symptoms|
Treating cats for internal parasites such as tapeworms aims to destroy the causative agent. Anthelmintic drugs based on praziquantel and febantel are used. As a prophylaxis, the animal is treated with insect acaricidal preparations against insect parasites, in particular fleas that carry tape helminths.
Trematodes (flat flukes)
|Title and Features||Reasons for the appearance||Symptoms|
|Symptoms of the disease are the same as when infected with other helminths.|
In order to prevent, it is recommended to deworm the pet with special anthelmintic drugs. They also carry out the treatment of the animal. It is necessary to strictly follow the instructions and remember that it is necessary to select drugs by category:
- To treat kittens,
- For pregnant cats,
- For adults.
A detailed video on how to remove internal parasites in cats. How to treat, how to properly diagnose, etc .:
What parasites can a person get?
Contrary to the naive idea that domestic cats are clean animals and cannot infect humans, it has been scientifically proven that many types of parasites are transmitted to humans in two ways:
- Directly through the coat and tongue,
- Through any fabrics and furs that the cat touches, as well as through the tray.
External cat parasites are not particularly dangerous for humans, although they can cause some trouble.
But many worms willingly go to him, which as a result leads to infection of humans with parasites from cats. Roundworms are very dangerous for people.that change the structure of the intestinal walls and affect the stomach. These worms provoke the occurrence of dangerous allergic reactions, vitamin deficiency. A large accumulation of dead bodies of helminths leads to blockage of veins and respiratory tract. Ascaridosis is very difficult to diagnose, it is confused with lung diseases. Any nematodes are dangerous to humans, since, by hitting the internal organs, they lead to the development of anemia, severe allergies, the appearance of granulomas. Tapeworms are very dangerous not just for an adult. Often they penetrate the children's body, causing various deviations in its development. Metabolism is impaired, and as a result, general weakness and lethargy appears. Anemia often occurs.
Echinococci can be fatally dangerous to humans. Parasitizing and multiplying in the liver, they form their own "home" - the cystic bladder. Education, as it grows, more and more compresses the lobes of the liver, and it cannot function normally. The gastrointestinal tract is disrupted, stagnation in the bile ducts and blood occurs. If the disease is not detected in time and treatment is not started, the bladder may fester, or simply burst, which will lead to infection of the whole organism.
Dangerous for many body systems parasites - toxoplasmas - a person can also become infected by a cat. Directly - no, but through contact with a cat's tray, or rather, with the feces of an animal - it is quite possible. As a result of infection, the heart, nervous system, muscle structure and other organs are affected. This disease is especially dangerous for pregnant women, as it can affect the development of the unborn child and cause him various deviations. In every possible way to avoid infection is necessary for people with weakened immunity.
What kind of parasites do cats have?
Depending on the location of the parasites, they are divided into 2 groups: external, living on the skin and hair of the animal, and external, which live inside the body and affect the internal organs. External include insects (fleas, lice, lice, ticks) and arachnids that feed on blood and skin.Of the internal parasites, the most common are roundworms, nematodes, and tapeworm. Helminthic invasion can occur not only in homeless and abandoned animals, but also in a well-groomed pet. To conduct proper and timely treatment, it is important for pet owners to know about which parasites in cats occur and how to deal with them.
These blood-sucking brown insects live almost everywhere. They can even be found in carpets, rugs and upholstered furniture. They are distinguished by the ability to perform huge jumps relative to their size. The habitat of fleas is mainly animal hair.
These are the most common external parasites in cats. Treatment should not be postponed. A large number of fleas can cause severe diseases. Bites of these insects lead to severe itching, which causes the cat to scratch and bite fleas. It is for this symptom that one can suspect the presence of parasites in the animal. Scratches and inflammations appear at the bite site, and insect waste products can be found on the wool.
Fleas can be carriers of helminths. Therefore, at the first signs of a flea infestation, appropriate measures must be taken. Be sure to process not only the animal itself, but the entire apartment. The cat must first be bathed. After this, treat the wool with an anti-cloud agent, having previously consulted with the veterinarian about which drug is best to use.
These pale gray blood-sucking insects also sometimes cause a lot of suffering to pets.
These parasites in cats are determined by the restless behavior of animals, the presence of scratches, and upon careful examination with the naked eye, both the eggs laid on the wool and the lice themselves are visible. The treatment is practically no different from the antipositive.
Most often, animals suffer from ear mites. These skin parasites in cats settle in the ear canal, forming a reddish-brown substance that causes severe itching. Therefore, the animal constantly shakes its head, combing its ears to blood. Making sure that the cause of this behavior is precisely the ear tick is quite simple. It is enough to wipe the inner surface of the ear with a cotton swab and carefully examine the removed plaque, in which white insects and their reddish secretions are clearly visible through the magnifying glass.
Ear mites cause complications. Their presence can lead to otitis media, deafness, meningitis. Treatment is carried out in the form of treatment with special drugs. It is first necessary to properly clean the auricle from brown plaque.
Subcutaneous ticks are less common. They live in the thickness of the skin of the animal, causing irritation and itching. As a result of combing, crusts form, the hair falls out in the affected areas. Diagnosis of the disease is possible only in laboratory conditions, by analyzing scraping from the skin of the animal. Based on the results of studies, treatment is prescribed.
Disease-related diseases are found mainly in long-haired cats. These are small wingless insects with a flattened body that live on the hair of an animal.
Anxiety, agitation, biting the base of the tail, loss of appetite cause these parasites in cats. Symptoms worsen if proper treatment is not done on time. To do this, the wool is treated with an insecticidal dust or other special spray. After 2 weeks, it is done again, because the drugs do not affect the larval form.
There are many helminths (parasitic worms) that live in animals and cause helminthic diseases. Particularly dangerous parasites in cats are found that are transmitted to humans. Young animals are most prone to infection, as well as weakened, not receiving adequate nutrition. The severity of the disease depends on the age, state of health and the number of helminths in the body.
Flat round worms, whose length can reach 12 cm, are most common in cats. A particularly high percentage of infection in kittens, for which ascariasis is sometimes fatal, causing intestinal blockage. Infection usually occurs through the soil, as a result of contact with a sick animal, eating rodents or with mother's milk.
Usually these parasites in cats are not immediately detected. Symptoms caused by them are observed with other diseases. This is diarrhea, bloating, unhealthy skin, weight loss, severe coughing and vomiting. The presence of roundworms can be detected in the excrement and vomit of the animal. In the absence of treatment, it is possible that they infect a person. Especially susceptible to this are small children. Thanks to effective anthelmintic drugs, parasites in cats are eliminated in a maximum of 5 days.
This type of internal parasite is less common than roundworms, but can lead to no less serious health problems. Symptoms at the initial stage of infection are practically absent, which complicates the timely diagnosis. Manifestations of the advanced form of the disease are diarrhea, an admixture of blood in the feces, and animal weight loss. Nematodes are transmitted through infected animals, the ingestion of infectious eggs and larvae. A pregnant cat infected with nematodes can transmit the infection to future kittens.
It is necessary to carry out mandatory preventive treatment of the animal with anthelmintic drugs, since parasites in cats that are transmitted to humans through normal contact can cause serious diseases, especially in children.
Treatment and prevention of helminthiasis
As for humans, strict adherence to hygiene rules is a basic condition to avoid infection with helminths. Also, for prophylactic purposes, it is recommended to take anthelmintic drugs by all members of a family with pets.
To protect your pet from diseases that cause intestinal parasites in cats, a number of simple rules must be followed.
- Every six months to do deworming of the animal, which is constantly kept in the apartment. If the cat is on a free walk, then these activities are carried out on a quarterly basis.
- The place where the animal sleeps, as well as the tray, keep the toys clean, periodically disinfecting.
- Wash or wash the rug located at the front door at least every 2 weeks, and clean street shoes in a closed cabinet.
- Raw meat and fish should be excluded from the diet.
- Treat your cat regularly for fleas, which are often carriers of tapeworms.
But, even following all precautions, it is not always possible to protect the animal from infection. If there is a suspicion that intestinal parasites in cats still wound up, do not treat yourself. Mostly anthelmintic drugs act effectively on one kind of organism, being useless for others. There are those that neutralize different types of helminths, but they can cause intoxication. Therefore, they should be used with caution, adhering to accurate dosages.
Usually, one dose of the drug is enough to rid the animal of helminths. A second procedure is carried out after 2 weeks in case the condition has not improved.
If parasites appear in cats expecting offspring, this can lead to intrauterine infection of kittens. There are special anthelmintic drugs that give in the third trimester of pregnancy or 3 weeks after birth. Kittens can be treated for parasites from 3 weeks of age.
Any drug for internal parasites is given to an animal on an empty stomach in the morning with a small portion of food. You can give a medicine and forcibly. To do this, fix the head of the animal and gently press on the jaw, forcing to open its mouth. In order for the medicine to go for the future, you need to stroke the cat up to the neck, provoking a swallowing reflex.
Observing all safety precautions and timely treating with anthelmintic drugs, you can not worry about the health status of pets and other family members. Effective treatment is possible only under the guidance of a veterinarian, depending on what parasites are found in cats.
Types of worms affecting cats and symptoms of infection with them
A cat can become infected with helminthiasis by eating raw fish or meat. Often the cause of helminthic invasion are fleas - they carry endoparasite eggs. Intrauterine infection of kittens from a sick mother is also noted. It is easy to notice signs of worms in a cat if you observe its behavior. She becomes lethargic, drowsy, refuses food, or, conversely, constantly asks for food.
- intense thirst
- weight loss,
- diarrhea or constipation
- rash in the perineum and abdomen.
The appearance of worms is very dangerous for a domestic cat and may result in its death. Parasites often attack the intestines of the animal, but can also settle in other organs.
Nematodes, or roundworms (roundworms, hookworms, etc.)
There are more than 1000 species of roundworms, but ascarids and hookworms are more common in cats. The first reach 8 cm in length, mainly live in the intestines, but sometimes appear in the pancreas and liver. The second are smaller in size, parasitizing in the small intestine. In the process of life, they secrete a dangerous toxin that poisons the body of the animal, which is fraught with death.
You can notice the appearance of nematodes on several grounds. The cat opens vomiting and diarrhea, the abdomen greatly increases in size, weakness and weight loss are observed. Worms are able to clog the bile ducts, affect the heart and lungs. Nematode eggs can be seen in the fur and skin folds around the anus of the animal.
Cestodes, or tape (flat) worms
Infection occurs when raw meat is eaten, but fleas are often carriers of parasite larvae. Cestodes are flat segmental worms up to 70 cm long. In each body segment there are larvae that go outside with feces. A sick animal refuses food or eats everything, constantly licking the anus.
The first symptom of helminthic invasion will be a swollen belly, loss or weight gain, hair loss. Cestodes parasitize only in the gastrointestinal tract, but are no less dangerous than roundworms. They provoke intestinal obstruction, which can lead to the death of a pet. Segments of parasites can be seen in the anus, and outwardly they resemble small rice grains.
This is one of the worst parasites that can inhabit all internal organs. Powerful suckers on the body of the worm help it gain a foothold in the liver, heart or lungs. Trematodes can live in the circulatory, digestive or respiratory systems, causing such dangerous diseases as opisthorchiasis and paragonimiasis. Invasion leads to the development of liver failure and cirrhosis. Cats that use raw water and fish are more likely to be infected. It takes a long complex treatment, but the veterinarian should choose the drugs.
Diagnosis of helminthiasis: how to understand that a cat has worms and needs to be treated?
An attentive host will immediately notice the external symptoms of helminthiasis in a cat. The animal becomes lethargic, it is tormented by thirst, its stomach increases in size, its behavior changes. It is possible to diagnose a lesion and determine the type of parasite only in a veterinary clinic, for which blood and feces are taken from the animal for analysis. Based on the results of the studies, the specialist decides how to gobble the cat.
You will have to take the feces three times in a row to get the right result. Two-month-old kittens are necessarily given anthelmintic drugs, even if the results of the tests in the nursing cat were negative. Buying drugs without the recommendation of a veterinarian is not worth it, because with a severe form of helminthiasis, complex therapy should be used.
How to gobble a pet at home?
Most anthelmintic drugs sold in veterinary pharmacies are used for prevention. The removal of worms requires an individual selection of funds, calculation of dosage and duration of use. The veterinarian prescribes the drug according to the results of the tests. It is possible to self-governing an animal with ready-made means 10 days before vaccination.
Do I have to prepare a cat for the procedure?
Treatment with anthelmintic drugs begins only from two months of age. The dosage is calculated by the veterinarian, focusing on the weight and health of the cat. Modern anthelmintic agents do not require special preparation of the animal. As a prophylaxis, once every 3 months, tablets, suspension or drops can be given. Drugs are given once in the morning, re-use is not required.
Ready-made veterinary preparations for the treatment of helminthiases
Medicines for treating animals from worms differ in principle of action, chemical composition and type. Severe helminthic invasion requires intramuscular administration of drugs with a wide spectrum of action. Veterinarians prescribe complex therapy, which includes anthelmintic injections, restorative agents and vitamins. The course of treatment lasts about 5 days, injections can be done at home.
The most convenient to use is "Prazicide" in the form of a suspension. It is produced separately for adult cats and kittens, and it is better to give it with a special syringe or mix into food. The dose of the drug is selected based on 1 ml / kg of weight. The suspension has a pleasant smell and taste, is given once, in the morning. It does not cause adverse reactions, is well tolerated, individual intolerance to the components is considered the only contraindication.
Effective antiparasitic tablets are used against cestodes and nematodes, for example Kaniquantel plus. For 10 kg of weight, the animal is given one tablet of this drug, having previously ground it into powder and mixed with food. Parasites leave the cat's body naturally, without causing discomfort. Tablets should not be given to kittens up to 3 months and pregnant cats.
According to the same principle, Drontal operates, which is produced in the form of small white tablets. For each kilogram of weight, the animal is given a tablet. Prescribe a drug for the same types of worms, it must be taken in the morning on an empty stomach. According to the same indications, “Pratel” is prescribed. The standard dosage for an adult cat is half a tablet once. Milbemax is used in the fight against roundworms in kittens and adult animals. Beef-flavored pills fluffy pets eagerly eat themselves, without coercion.
The Envir drug, produced in 0.5 g tablets, will help to remove the same parasites. A pet weighing up to 4 kg should be given 1 tablet with food. The drug has a powerful effect, but is contraindicated in cats up to six months of age. The tablets “Tronzil K” have the same effect, blocking the absorption of glucose in parasites, which causes their death. Failure to comply with the recommended dosage can cause serious consequences for the animal.
The easiest to use remedies for worms are considered drops at the withers. Among the popular drugs, it is worth noting drops of Stronghold, Profender and Inspector. They are a thick, oily, yellowish, odorless liquid.
The medicine quickly enters the bloodstream and begins to act within 2 hours after application. Drops are applied directly to the skin, gently spreading the coat. You can wash the cat 5 days after treatment. The dosage is calculated according to the instructions, after a month the procedure is repeated.
Effective folk remedies
The use of modern antiparasitic drugs is much more effective than folk recipes. The latter is advisable to use only when ready-made drugs are contraindicated. More often they resort to folk remedies at the initial stage of invasion, when there are few parasites and they still do not pose a threat to the life and health of the cat. It is good to anthelmintic a cat with the help of tansy infusion prepared from a glass of boiling water and 1 tbsp. l dry raw materials. The ingredients are mixed, insisted for an hour and filtered. The finished drink is given to the cat three times a day one hour before feeding.
Instead of tansy, you can prepare a decoction of chamomile or fennel. If the animal refuses to drink on its own, you will have to infuse the herbal drink with a syringe without a needle. An excellent result gives mixing in cat food one chopped clove of garlic. Feed the cat in this way will have 7 days in a row.
You can poison the worms with alcohol tincture of wormwood, which is given to the animal twice a day for 10 drops. An enema with carrot juice helps to remove parasites from the intestine. Once a day, 20 ml of juice is poured through the anus to the cat, the duration of the course is a week.
Is it enough 1 time, or will the procedure have to be repeated?
Most modern drugs are not able to remove worms from the first use. They are used in the morning before meals, and 4 hours after taking the medicine, the cat is given any sorbent, for example, activated charcoal. The procedure is repeated after 2 weeks to fix the result and is guaranteed to cure the pet. Anthelmintic to a pregnant cat is not recommended; in extreme cases, Milbemax can be used in the early stages. Weakened and sick animals are given the less toxic drug Drontal.
It is possible to gobble a cat without adverse reactions using sugar cubes “Polyvercan”. In their composition there are immediately two active components that destroy all types of worms. One cube is designed for 10 kg of weight, so for small animals it will have to be divided into parts. The advantages of the drug include a pleasant taste and high efficiency.
Prevention of worm infection and a schedule of preventive deworming
It is easier to prevent parasites from appearing than to treat a cat for helminthiasis later. To prevent infection is very simple, if you follow basic safety measures. Arriving home, you must thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water, and remove street clothing and shoes in a place inaccessible to the animal. It is necessary to regularly clean the floors and doors in the apartment, treat the cat's tray with antiparasitic agents. It is important to ensure that the pet does not have fleas, and use special drugs for prophylactic purposes.
First, the cat is treated against fleas, and after 3 days they give anthelmintic. It is necessary to gobble up the domestic cat a week before mating and 2 weeks before the planned vaccination. For prevention, antiparasitic drugs are given once every three months, and for kittens - starting from two months of age (sometimes later, according to the instructions).
If the pet still has worms, all family members should be treated. For prevention, you can purchase any low-toxic drug and anthelmintic the animal yourself every three months.