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Abscesses of the eyelids in birds

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Many eye diseases occur against the background of poor hygiene, a lack of vitamin A in the pet’s diet. With conjunctivitis and blepharitis, improving the bird count and adding vitamin A to the diet is often sufficient to recover. In addition, washing the eyes with a 3% solution of boric acid gives a good effect. With xerophthalmia, the veterinarian may recommend an injection of vitamin A. For panophthalmitis, antibacterial agents are prescribed that are used both locally and in the form of injections. With a number of ophthalmic pathologies, the veterinarian prescribes eye drops or the laying of ointments. Drops and ointments in birds are applied to the outer corner of the eye! Some diseases of birds require surgical treatment (abscess or cystosis of the eyelids). During the operation, an autopsy is performed, after which the cavity is washed with a solution of antiseptic agents.

EYE DISEASES

Inflammation of the eyelids (blepharitis) and conjunctiva of the eyes.

Symptoms The eyelids and conjunctiva are reddened, swollen, the palpebral fissure is closed. The bird constantly scratches its eyes with claws or perches. A serous, sometimes fibrinous secretion is released from the eyes, which leads to the sticking of a feather around the palpebral fissure, the skin of the eyelids is covered with brown crusts of dried exudate.

Of the various eye diseases in canaries, blepharitis and conjunctivitis with smallpox lesions are common. In severe cases, conjunctivitis ends in panophthalmitis. The disease begins with conjunctivitis, serous secretion. This process lasts 4-6 days, then comes diphtheria inflammation, deformation and destruction of the eyeball. Based on the course and stages of the process, we can conclude that there is a disease of viral etiology. The clouding of the lens and the resulting blindness in many species of finch birds and canaries is a concomitant symptom associated with the age of the bird (most often in birds older than 5 years). In the initial stage of the disease, in most cases, the general condition of the bird is not disturbed and no inflammatory processes in the conjunctiva of the eye are noted. A bird with such eye damage can sometimes live for a long time.

Other diseases, such as respiratory infections of the airways, metabolic disorders and injuries, are often associated with blepharitis and conjunctivitis.

In predatory bird species, the following eye diseases were recorded: loss of the third century, xerophthalmia, panophthalmia. A special tendency to panophthalmia is noted in the forest owl. The disease begins with blepharitis and conjunctivitis, passes into keratitis, captures the entire eye, and the bird becomes blind. With timely appropriate treatment after the first clouding of the lens, a good therapeutic effect is obtained with the parenteral administration of chloromecetin and vitamin A, as well as topical application of glucose powder and Kamala.

Diagnosis should be differentiated from scabies, tumors, conjunctivitis, cysts, eyelid abscess.

Etiology. Primary inflammations are often caused by infectious diseases, injuries, gas and dusty air. In the prevailing cases, conjunctivitis and blepharitis occur in connection with a local infection or as a result of a general disease. As bacterial pathogens can be streptococci, staphylococci, coli. Inflammation of the eyelids, conjunctiva in parrots are observed with psittacosis.

Treatment. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of eye irritation. The inflammatory process can be cured by using Kamala tea or eye drops.

In infectious diseases, a parenteral course of antibiotic therapy is prescribed.

Eyelid neoplasm. Eyelid lipogranulomas were found in budgies, canaries.

Symptoms On the eye eyelid, rounded neoplasms of various sizes are noticeable. In contrast to other types of birds, insectivores with long-term feeding of mealworms on the eyelid develop inflammatory processes that can be mixed with smallpox. For their treatment, it is recommended to administer to the bird vitamins of groups A and D.

Cystosis conjunctiva occurs, as a rule, in budgies.

Symptoms In the lower eyelid, highly edematous formations appear that are visible through the skin, their contents are colorless, mucous, and serous. On palpation, a distinct fluctuation is felt.

Diagnosis. When diagnosing, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, scabies, tumors, abscesses are differentiated.

Etiology. The reasons are not clarified.

Treatment. The cysts are opened under anesthesia, the walls of the cysts are surgically excised and treated with a 10% solution of silver nitrate. After surgery, the conjunctiva is washed for several days with a weak solution of boric acid.

Abscesses of the eyelids. In birds, in contrast to mammalian abscesses, there are no acute forms of inflammatory processes, redness and soreness.

Symptoms The lower eye eyelid sags and a densified mass consisting of caseous masses is palpated through the skin.

Diagnosis. Differentiate blepharitis, conjunctivitis, scabies, neoplasms, conjunctival cysts.

Etiology. The reasons are not precisely defined, but bacteriological studies are necessary to exclude infection.

Treatment. Abscesses are dissected under anesthesia, the cavity is thoroughly washed for several days.

The loss of the third century.

Symptoms The third eyelid is densified, reddened, swollen.

Etiology. Sometimes the cause of the loss of the third century is the presence of foreign bodies that cause mechanical damage.

Treatment. Foreign bodies are removed under anesthesia with eye tweezers.

Symptoms Corneal desquamation occurs.

Etiology. The main cause of the disease is a chronic lack of vitamin A and its derivatives, which first leads to the drying of the cornea of ​​the conjunctiva and lacrimal glands, and subsequently to a significant thickening of the cornea.

Treatment. Multivitamins with the mandatory inclusion of vitamin A are administered parenterally or orally.

Symptoms Clouding and destruction of the cornea, color of iris, miosis, papule, clouding of the lens, severe hemorrhages and exanthema.

Etiology. Viral and bacterial infections, injuries of the eyeball.

Treatment. Sick birds are given parenteral and topical antibiotics. In severe exophthalmos and tumors, autoanesthesia is necessary.

Blindness without visible eye changes sometimes observed in budgies.

Symptoms The owner notices that before that, a well-flying bird suddenly runs into walls, moves helplessly in a cage and cannot find food. Even an inexperienced veterinarian determines a decrease in the reaction of the pupil to light, exophthalmos, dilated pupil and a number of other signs.

Etiology. This type of blindness is often associated with the formation of tumors in the brain, pituitary disease, and damage to the optic nerve.

Signs of the disease

The affected eye eyelid sags and a densified mass consisting of caseous masses is palpated through the skin.

The causes of the disease are not well understood. It is possible that at first the process causes a viral agent, mycoplasmas, and then secondary microflora joins.

Abscesses are removed by surgery, the wound is washed for several days.

Abscesses of the eyelids

In birds, in contrast to mammalian abscesses, there are no acute forms of inflammatory processes, redness and soreness.

Symptoms The lower eye eyelid sags and a densified mass consisting of caseous masses is palpated through the skin.

Diagnosis. Differentiate blepharitis, conjunctivitis, scabies, neoplasms, conjunctival cysts.

Etiology. The reasons are not precisely defined, but bacteriological studies are necessary to exclude infection.

Treatment. Abscesses are dissected under anesthesia, the cavity is thoroughly washed for several days.

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