The unique attraction of all the Philippine Islands is tamarou or dwarf buffalo. Its growth is slightly higher than a domestic ram. On a planetary scale, tamarou is considered one of the smallest buffalo, but in the Philippine archipelago, it proudly holds the status of the largest wild animal.
In our time, Philippine buffaloes survived only in impassable mountainous areas. And 90 years ago this species was the most common occurrence on the island. At the moment, the number of Philippine buffalo does not exceed one hundred individuals, and every year this figure is rapidly decreasing. What is the reason for the disappearance of tamarou?
Long before the Spanish colonization, the inhabitants of Mindoro did not go into the woods without special need. The reason for such caution was tamarou. Locals found this buffalo very dangerous. They had very good reasons for such a statement. The fact is that the Philippine buffalo had a fast reaction, fast running, amazing eyesight and excellent hearing. Tamarou also had a brave character. One can only guess what severe injuries a small animal can cause to a person if he has sharp and strong horns that easily pierce the abdominal cavity, and upon impact the enemy flew off by two meters.
The situation was sharply crushed in the 16th century. The Spaniards came, skillfully wielding firearms. A running and frightened buffalo was shot from a variety of weapons - from ordinary pistols to military and sports rifles. Later, people began to use military machine guns and long-range rifles.
What so attracts hunters in this dwarf animal? Pretty tasty meat, expensive and magnificent skin, from which it is possible to cook a good suede, but most of them are just hunting glories! But, among other things, over the past century, the population of Mindoro has grown quite strongly. Human curiosity leads them to new islands. Instead of forests, pastures and arable lands spread, new roads were built, and thickets of forests were actively developed by enterprising people. Based on all these facts, the Philippine buffalo had nowhere to hide.
These circumstances not only significantly affected the buffalo population, but even made significant changes to its natural habits and habits. If ninety years ago, Philippine buffalos grazed openly and peacefully and walked for days with people, completely ignoring them, then in the current state of affairs, buffaloes had to adapt to the new situation. Now they have acquired excessive aggression, began to lead a nocturnal lifestyle. According to scientists, such habits are transmitted at the genetic level. The following cases prove these words: even a Filipino buffalo calf, caught in the jungle and attached to a domestic buffalo-nurse, immediately rushes to her adoptive mother and inflicts strong blows on her with her horns. This is the habits of an adult bull. In this case, the saying is appropriate: small yes delete!
See what "BUFFALO" is in other dictionaries:
BUFFALO - (Bubalus), genus of bovids. For body 100 290 cm, tail 15 90 cm, high. at the withers 62 180 cm, weight 150 1200 kg. The physique is heavy. 3 species: Anoa, Asian B. and African B. (sometimes three different genera are distinguished). In Asian, or Indian, B. (V. ... ... Biological Encyclopedic Dictionary
Buffalo - (Bubalus) species of bulls (Bov> Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedia
BUFFALO - BUFFOILS, a genus of mammals (bovine family). Body length 1 2.9 m, tail 15 90 cm, height at the withers 62 180 cm, weight 150 1200 kg. The length of the horns of the Asian buffalo is up to 190 cm. 4 species, including the Asian (Indian) buffalo, anoa. They live in ... ... Modern encyclopedia
BUFFALO - a genus of ruminants of the family of bovids, close to bulls. 3 types: Asian (Indian) buffalo, or Arnie, Anoa with about. Sulawesi, African, or Kafra, buffalo (living south of the Sahara), the number is declining. The water buffalo is domesticated and ... ... Big Encyclopedic Dictionary
buffalo - a genus of ruminants of the family of bovids, close to bulls. 4 species: Asian (Indian) buffalo, or Arnie, Anoa and mountain Anoa from Sulawesi Island, Tamarau (Philippine Islands), all species are protected. Asian buffalo is domesticated and used more often ... ... Encyclopedic Dictionary
Buffalo - Water buffalo. Buffalo, a genus of mammals (family of bovids). Body length 1 2.9 m, tail 15 90 cm, height at the withers 62 180 cm, weight 150 1200 kg. The length of the horns of the Asian buffalo is up to 190 cm. 4 species, including the Asian (Indian) buffalo, ... ... Illustrated Encyclopedic Dictionary
BUFFALO - cattle living in certain south. countries of Asia and Africa in the wild. In the Caucasus, in the ZSFSR, B. are bred as pets alive. B. is distinguished by black skin with rare dark hair, a humpback withers, and horns very widely spaced. Caucasian ... ... Agricultural Dictionary
Buffalo - Asian buffalo Buffalo is the common name for representatives of two genera of the bovids. genus asian buffalo (Bubalus) asian buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) tamarau (Bubalus mindorensis) anoa (Bubalus depressicornis) mountain anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) ... ... Wikipedia
buffalo - azijiniai buivolai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas gentis apibrėžtis Gentyje 4 rūšys. Paplitimo arealas - P. Azija, Sulavesi, Kalimantano, Mindoros salos. atitikmenys: lot. Bubalus angl. Asiatic buffaloes, Asiatic buffalos, ... ... Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas
Buffalo - ruminant mammals of the family of flat-horned cloven-hoofed order, close to bulls (See. Bulls). B. have a heavy and heavy body, a short neck and short strong legs, a wide head, the front part of the upper lip is deprived of hair and on it ... ... Big Soviet Encyclopedia
Buffalo - (Bubalus) species of bulls (Bov> Encyclopedic Dictionary of F.A. Brockhaus and I.A. Efron
Cause of extinction
With the appearance on the islands of representatives of the civilized world who own firearms, the situation with the number of tamarou began to deteriorate rapidly. The hunters also appreciated the tender and tasty meat of animals, as well as the skin from which they made high-quality suede. Over the past hundred years, the population of the island of Mindoro has significantly increased, which has led to the growth of developed territories, where there is almost no place for little bulls.
Philippine government authorities have approved conservation areas for small bulls and have severely prohibited their shooting. Despite the measures taken, wealthy tourists still allow themselves to arrange expensive hunting trips, destroying the remains of the population.
The dwarf buffalo from Indonesia is called anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). It is even smaller than tamarou: the height at the withers is from sixty to one hundred centimeters. The weight of the largest individual reaches three hundred kilograms. In appearance, the midget bull resembles a miniature antelope. Non-long straight horns are flattened and directed slightly backward.
Its main habitat is the island of Sulawesi. Small-sized Indonesian bulls are divided into two varieties of anoa: plain and mountain. Adult buffalo living in lowland forest areas have almost no hair and are covered with sparse brown or black hair. The head, neck and legs have white marks. Anoa are very rarely confined to small herds, often kept alone or in pairs. Cautious animals were made by a man who for many years mercilessly exterminated small bulls for valuable meat and skins.
Nutrition and Reproduction
Dwarf wild buffalo (sulawesi, as it is also called) is a herbivore that feeds on leaves, young shoots and fruits of trees, collecting them on the ground. Plain anoa live in the swamp forests of the island. They love to be near the water, especially in hot weather. There, buffaloes eat water plants with pleasure, bathe and wallow in the mud. Small bulls breed regardless of the season. The gestation of the cubs lasts a little less than a year. The calves have a thick golden brown coat. The average lifespan of a wild Asian bull is no more than twenty years. Unfortunately, in the wild they rarely live very long.
Compared to flat animals, the mountain dwarf buffalo Anoa has even smaller sizes and weight. It belongs to him the palm among the world's small bulls. The coat of adults remains thick and silky from a young age. Body color - from dark brown to black. The abdomen has a lighter shade than the back. White spots are absent. The horns are small, conical in shape, slightly bent back. The undersized bulls are solitary in the mountain forests of Sulawesi. Due to remoteness, human access to them is difficult, therefore, forest buffaloes are calmer than their lowland counterparts.
The exact number of Indonesian anoa living in the wild is unknown. Accounting is carried out only in world zoos. In an effort to preserve the population, people are trying to breed animals in captivity.
All dwarf bulls are listed in the world Red Book as endangered animals.