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Decorative honeysuckle: growing and species

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Deciduous, less often semi-evergreen and evergreen branched shrubs or liana-shaped. Leaves are opposite, simple, whole (rarely lobed). Flowers in the axils of the leaves, paired, on the common axillary peduncle or located whorled in the axils of the apical leaves. Forming spiky or capitate inflorescences, the calyx is 5-toothed or invisible, the corolla is tubular. Extended upward, with an almost two-lipped 5-split limb, stamens 5. fruit 2-3-nested berry with several seeds in each nest. The genus includes about 250 species. Ornamental plants, many of them with fragrant flowers, are widely used in green building, and some (Tatar honeysuckle) are used in steppe afforestation.

Alberta Honeysuckle (Lonicera alberti)

It comes from the mountainous regions of Central Asia.
A fine graceful shrub up to 1.2 m tall, with thin spreading, often drooping branches. Its leaves are remarkable - very small and narrow (20 x 3 mm), light, bluish-green in color, against which pink-purple fragrant flowers about 2.5 cm in diameter look fabulous, decorating the plant for 15-20 days. Large, almost white fruits stand out clearly against foliage. Sometimes they are light purple. Autumn does not drop leaves for a long time. It is very drought-resistant, tolerates urban conditions, but is not frost-resistant in the northern regions. It can be planted in low curbs and hedges. She will decorate a small rocky area, an alpine hill, a heather garden. It is good in standard culture, being grafted onto Tatar honeysuckle, it takes on a delicious weeping form, but requires a protected location. In a culture since 1879.

Alpine honeysuckle (Lonicera alpigena)

Homeland is the mountainous regions of Central and Southern Europe.
A low shrub up to 1.5 m tall, with a very dense, spherical crown and dark green, large, dense, up to 10 cm long, almost leathery leaves, bare above and lighter below, short ciliate along the edge, up to 10 cm long. Flavourless flowers, paired, axillary, two-lipped, on erect peduncles up to 4.5 cm long darkish or greenish-yellow in color, with dark red or brown-red bloom outside. The duration of flowering is 15-25 days. Its fruits are very decorative - berries, large, pairwise fused, red, shiny, similar to cherries. Thanks to these berries, which adorn the bush for up to 1.5 months and stand out against the backdrop of foliage, Alpine honeysuckle is considered one of the most beautiful during fruiting. Grows slowly, quite shade-tolerant, winter-hardy. It tolerates a haircut, durable, not affected by disease. Successfully growing to the latitude of St. Petersburg. Recommended for single and group plantings, hedges, undergrowth, decoration of ponds. Propagated by seeds, green and winter cuttings, division of the bush. In the culture of the XVII century.

Honeysuckle Altai (Lonicera altaica)

Deciduous shrub up to 2.5 m tall. Old branches with brownish-gray, often peeling bark. Young shoots are usually bare or less often pubescent with short bristle-like, protruding hairs. Leaves of various shapes, oblong-ovate, elliptical, broadly lanceolate, sharp or blunt at the apex, 2.5-4.5 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, on sterile shoots up to 7 cm long and 3.3 cm wide, bare or on the edge with rare long cilia. Flowers in pairs are located in the axils of the lower leaves. Corolla tubular-funnel-shaped, yellowish-white. Stamens are equal to or slightly longer than the corolla of the Seed Fruit, oblong, 7-14 mm long, dark blue with a bluish bloom, edible, taste sweet and sour with bitterness. It blooms in late May, the fruits ripen in late June - early July. Ripe fruits persist on plants until late autumn. Insect polluted. 2n = 36.

Honeysuckle Altman (Lonicera altmannii)

Middle Asia. It is protected in reserves. In open places and undergrowth of spruce, walnut-fruit and deciduous mountain forests. Shrub up to 2.0 m tall. Vegetation from mid-April to early to mid-October. The growth rate is average. It blooms from 4-5 years, in May-June, annually, but not abundantly. The fruits ripen in late July - early August. Full winter hardiness.

American Honeysuckle (Lonicera americanum)

This is a hybrid between honeysuckle honeysuckle and evergreen honeysuckle Etruscan. American honeysuckle is a semi-evergreen liana, in areas with a warm climate rising high on a support. In our country, it can be grown as a plant spreading on the ground, but even in this case, planted in a place protected from cold winds, and covered with a dry leaf or lapnik for the winter. This honeysuckle is interesting for its fragrant bright, yellow inside and purple outside flowers. The flowering period is June-July.

Baltic honeysuckle (Lonicera baltica)

The north-west of the European part of the former USSR, except for the Karelian Isthmus, the south-western part of Scandinavia. In forests. Shrub up to 2.5 m tall. Vegetation from early April to late September. The growth rate is average. It blooms in mid-May, about. Fruits in 4-5 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in June. Full winter hardiness.

Bract honeysuckle (Lonicera bracteolaris)

Erect, branched shrub 100-250 cm tall with strong branches extending upward. The bark is light, grayish-brown, exfoliates in stripes. Leaves are 1.5-4.5 cm long and 1.6-2.5 cm wide, dense, oblong-ovate or oblong-elliptic, with a sharp or short-pointed apex, with a round or wedge-shaped, sometimes truncated base. The flowers are few. Peduncles in the axils of the lower leaves of young twigs, 2-flowered. Bracts are lanceolate, 0.7-1.3 cm long. The limb of the calyx is slightly notched or slightly incised into 5 wide teeth. Corolla about 2.2 cm long, yellowish, tube inside hairy. The upper lip is wide, the lower lip is spaced, oblong. Berries are red with a light bluish bloom. Flowering in April-May.

Honeysuckle Honeysuckle ordinary / goat (Lonicera caprifolium)

Curly medium height (up to 3-5 m) shrub with bare shoots. The leaves are dense, leathery, widely elliptic, 4-10 cm long, with a blunt apex, dark green leafless above, with a blunt apex, dark green leafless above, below the bluish apical 2-3 pairs of leaves fused with their bases, forming a continuous cuff around the shoot . The corolla of the flower 4-5 cm long is white or yellowish-white, sometimes with a faint purple hue. The flowers are very fragrant.

The berries are orange-red. It blooms in May-June, the fruits ripen in August-September. It grows quite quickly, at the age of 2-3 years it is suitable for planting in a permanent place. It tolerates partial shade, but blooms profusely only in well-lit places. Frost-resistant plant, tolerates the climate of St. Petersburg .. for good flowering and development requires a deep, fertile, fresh soil. It lives up to 50 years or more. Propagated by layering, woody cuttings, grassy (spring) under glass. Spread. In Russia, the culture is widespread in the southern and middle bands to Moscow and St. Petersburg inclusive.

Caucasian Honeysuckle (Lonicera caucasica)

Caucasus. It is protected in reserves. The upper strip of the forest belt and the subalpine zone. Shrub up to 3.0 m tall. Vegetation from April to mid-October. Growing fast. It blooms from 3 years, from the end of May-mid-June to early July. Fruits in 4 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in August. Full winter hardiness.

Honeysuckle Chamisso (Lonicera chamissoi)

From Kamchatka and the northern coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk to the southern Kuril Islands and Japan along the forest edges and in placers in the undergrowth of stone birch, as well as in forests of Gmelin larch, a compact shrub grows not exceeding 1 m in height. It differs noticeably from other species not only by short stature, but also by bluish leaves with a rounded top, light gray bark, and dark purple flowers that adorn the bush for almost a month - from mid-May to mid-June. Large grown almost transparent, light red fruits ripen from the second half of June. In addition to seeds, propagated by cuttings, the rooting of which reaches 70%. Shrubs can be used for borders and low hedges.

Golden Honeysuckle (Lonicera chrysantha)

It naturally grows in Eastern Siberia, the Far East, and China.
An elegant shrub up to 2-4 m high, with a spreading, rather dense crown, with a dark gray bark, with oblong-ovate, long-pointed, leathery, dark green, short-leaved leaves up to 12 cm long. Unlike most species, its flowers are golden yellow, with a honey aroma, the fruits are red-coral, spherical, fused to the base. It is undemanding to soil, resistant to pests and diseases. It blooms and bears fruit annually and abundantly from 5-6 years. Propagated by seeds and cuttings, the rooting of which reaches 100%. Winter and drought resistant. It tolerates the conditions of the city. It is decorated with elegant flowers, fruits and bright green foliage. Recommended for group plantings, hedges and as an understory in forest parks. In a culture since 1849.

Honeysuckle ciliate (Lonicera ciliosa)

Homeland - North America.
It either rises to a height of 2-3 m, or spreads along the ground. The leaves are bright green above, bluish below, their upper pair grows together in a disk, pointed laterally. In June, capitate inflorescences of yellow flowers bloom. They are odorless, yellow, rather large, with a long corolla tube (3-4 cm) and prominent stamens. Fruits of red color, ripen in August-September.

Honeysuckle blue (Lonicera coerulea)

A straight-growing or sprawling densely branched shrub 1.5-2m high, with bare or fluffy red or brownish-reddish shoots. The leaves are oval or oblong-lanceolate, round at the base, pointed or blunt in the middle, 2.5 to 5 (8) cm long, soft-haired on both sides (or just below), dark green above, bluish below. Petiole up to 0.5 cm long. The flowers are pale yellow or greenish-white, up to 1.2 cm in size. The berries are from dark blue to blackish-blue with a bluish bloom, the berry is formed from two completely fused ovaries with 6-8 seeds.

Edible honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea subsp. Edulis)

Deciduous shrub up to 2 m tall. Old branches with brown, often exfoliating bark. Young shoots, like petioles of leaves, are covered with a thick thin fluff and protruding long hairs. Leaves are oblong-elliptic, linear-lanceolate, pointed at the apex, 2-7 cm long, 0.5-2 cm wide, pubescent with scattered long, pressed hairs, shorter along veins shorter, horizontally spaced. Peduncles drooping, protruding, thin-haired. Corollas tubular-funnel-shaped, yellow, pubescent on the outside. Stamens longer than corolla. The fruit is oblong-elongated, 7-15 mm long, dark blue with a bluish bloom, edible, tastes sweet. It blooms in late May, the fruits ripen in late June - early July. Insect polluted. 2n = 18.

Gray honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica)

Homeland - North America.
Weak or erect shrub up to 2 m high, has large fruits (up to 1 cm in diameter) that look beautiful against the background of greenish-gray foliage. The leaves on top are bright green, the bottom is gray, with a narrow, cartilaginous, transparent, often wavy edge, 5 -9 cm long. The flowers are greenish-yellow, open in May -June. The fruits are red, ripen in August - September. In culture since 1636, it is often found in Europe and North America, in Russia - rarely. Growing fast. Hardy, drought resistant. Suitable for trellises, hedges in the garden.

Etruscan honeysuckle (Lonicera etrusca)

Evergreens or semi-evergreens, creepers. The shoots are young reddish, naked. The leaves are obovate, broadly elliptic, almost round, 3-8 cm long and 2-6 cm wide, dark green above, bare, whitish green below, pubescent, less often bare, upper fused at the base. Peduncle short, 3-4 cm long. Flowers in dense whorls, in the form of a thick head, naked and slightly pubescent on the outside. Corolla tube 4 cm long, two-lipped, pharynx up to 2.5 cm wide, yellowish-white with a reddish tint. It blooms in July-August. It is found in oak forests in the Mediterranean.

Honeysuckle Ferdinand (Lonicera ferdinandi)

Mongolia, North and West China. In the mountainous areas. Shrub up to 3.0 m tall. Vegetation from the second half of April to mid-late October. The growth rate is fast. It blooms from 5 years old, in June and early July. Fruits in 6-7 years, annually, quite abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of September - early October. Full winter hardiness.

Honeysuckle fragrant (Lonicera fragrantissima)

Spread. Homeland - East China. It grows in the gardens and parks of the Southern Crimea and the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, less often in central Transcaucasia (Tbilisi), western Georgia, eastern Transcaucasia and in the south of Central Asia. Semi-evergreen shrub up to 2-3m high, with long spreading, sometimes curved, bare branches. Leaves broadly ovate or obovate, pointed, 2.5-7 cm long, glabrous, bristly only along the veins of the lower side of the leaf, dark green above, bluish below. The flowers are yellowish white, very fragrant. It blooms in February and March, sometimes in January. The fruits ripen in June. It grows relatively quickly, is thermophilic, but tolerates short-term frosts –15 ° without damage, tolerates partial shade. The soil needs nutritious, fresh. Propagated by seeds and very easily - by cuttings.

Humpbackflower honeysuckle (Lonicera gibbiflora)

South Far East, Sakhalin, China, Korea, Japan. Deciduous, mixed and coniferous mountain and valley forests. Shrub up to 4.5 m tall, sometimes a tree up to 6 m tall. Vegetation from the second half of April to mid-October. The growth rate is average. It blooms from 4 years, from mid-late May to early-mid-June. Fruits in 5-6 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of August and the first half of September. Full winter hardiness.

Honeysuckle gray-ash (Lonicera glaucescens)

Eastern and central parts of North America. Curly shrub. Vegetation from mid-April to mid-October. The growth rate is fast. It blooms from 3 years, from the end of May-end of June to the beginning of June-beginning of July, about 10-12 days. Fruits in 4-5 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in the first half of August. Winter hardiness is high.

Glen Honeysuckle (Lonicera glehnii)

The inhabitant of the islands of the south of the Kuril ridge and Sakhalin, where it occupies the dry slopes of the mountains to the belt of forests of stone birch. The height of the bush is about 1.5 m. It differs in rather large leaves - up to 10-12 cm in length, on top they are bare, slightly wrinkled, slightly pubescent below. Greenish-yellow flowers sit on long, up to 4.5 cm, peduncles. The fruits are bright red, shiny, rather large - up to 1.5 cm. Two fruits partly grow together. The bush blooms and bears fruit for 5-6 years. The fruits ripen in July-August. Propagate this species by seeds.

Hecrott Honeysuckle (Lonicera x heckrottii)

A complex hybrid involving honeysuckle honeysuckle and evergreen. This honeysuckle rises to a height of 2-3 m and is very beautiful in bloom: inflorescences consist of a large number of large flowers, each up to 5 cm long, purple flowers on the outside, orange-yellow inside: flowering lasts from June to August. To save this honeysuckle from freezing, you need to plant it on the south side of the house. But nevertheless, in other years shoot damage and weak flowering are possible, as, indeed, in all hybrid honeysuckles.

Hildebrandt Honeysuckle (Lonicera hildebrandiana)

Evergreens, creepers, bare shoots. The leaves are broadly elliptical, elliptical 8-12 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, leathery, dark green above, glossy, glabrous, light green below, glabrous, sometimes with brown bristles. Peduncle short, up to 1 cm long.The flowers are arranged in pairs, the corolla is long-narrowly tubular, 10-15 cm long, two-lipped pharynx, 7-10 cm wide, yellowish-white (orange in bloom), fragrant. It blooms in June and August. China, Burma, Thailand. Highly decorative look.

Rough Honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)

The species of North American flora is a stable and fairly high climbing honeysuckle.
She has bristly shoots, and the leaves are large, dark green above and hairy on the edge: from below they are gray-green in color and lowered. The top 1-2 pairs of leaves grow together into discs. Flowering occurs in June, numerous inflorescences. The flowers, although not very strong, up to 2.5 cm long, but bright, orange-yellow. In September, bright red fruits ripen. The rough honeysuckle is very beautiful and peculiar, rises on a support to a height of 3-4 m, is not demanding in culture. Propagated easily by seeds and cuttings.

Honeysuckle bristle (Lonicera hispida)

Altai, Pamir-Alai and northwestern Mongolia. It is protected in reserves. In spruce forests, on rocks, in the upper part of the forest belt and in the subalpine zone of the mountains.
Shrub up to 1.5 m high. Vegetation from mid-April to mid-late September. The growth rate is average. It blooms from 4-5 years, every year, in the second half of May, about 10 days. Fruits in 5 years, annually, sparingly, the fruits ripen in late July and the first half of July. Full winter hardiness.

Georgian Honeysuckle (Lonicera iberica)

Caucasus, Northern Iran. It is protected in reserves. In xerophilous open woodlands and shrubbery. Shrub up to 1.5 m tall. Vegetation from the second half of April to the end of October-beginning of November. Growing fast. Flowering and fruiting are not regular. It blooms from 5-6 years, in July, bears fruit from 6-8 years, the fruits ripen in the second half of August and the first half of September. Winter hardiness is below average.

Honeysuckle cover (Lonicera involucrata)

In vivo widespread in western North America.
Shrub up to 3 m tall, with a dense ovoid crown and dark green, larger than other honeysuckle leaves, up to 12 cm, somewhat resembling the leaves of Hungarian lilac. The flowers are paired, up to 3 cm, yellow at first, reddish in flowering, on upright peduncles up to 3 cm long, bracts are ovate, sharp, green, densely glandular, pubescent along the edge of the ciliate, covering the corolla to the middle. It blooms for a very long time, sometimes 90 days. But already from the end of June in some years, and more often from July, the ripening of rather large black fruits begins, which stand out beautifully against the background of bracts that retain their bright color. Fruits annually, starting from 3 years. Black, shiny fruits at the base are covered with purple bent bracts, which give the bush a very peculiar appearance at the time of fruiting. It grows quickly, unpretentious, hardy, tolerates shading. But prefers well-moistened and fairly lit places. Propagated by seeds and green cuttings. It is used in marginal and curb landings as an undergrowth. In a culture since 1828.

Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)

Fragrant semi-evergreen liana. Anyone who has been to the Caucasus must have seen it both near housing, and along roads, and on plantations in the mountains. The homeland of this creeper is Japan, Korea or China.
Japanese honeysuckle is growing very quickly, forms a lot of layering. It blooms profusely and continuously in June-July. Her flowers are white, with a purple tint, unusually fragrant. In central Russia, it can grow only in a sunny place and with protection from frost. But even with good care, it will not bloom every year. If you wish, you can grow Japanese honeysuckle in a room or conservatory.

Kamchatka honeysuckle (Lonicera kamtschatica)

Deciduous shrub up to 2 m tall. Old branches with brownish-gray, often peeling bark. Young shoots and leaves are very pubescent. Leaves of various shapes, oblong-ovate, elliptical, broadly lanceolate, acute or rounded-pointed at the apex, 2-6 cm long, 1-3 cm wide. Flowers in pairs are located in the axils of the lower leaves. Corolla tubular-funnel-shaped, cream, yellow. Stamens shorter than corolla. The fruit is oblong, 7-14 mm long, dark blue with a bluish bloom, edible, tastes sweet and sour-sweet with almost no bitterness. Blossoms - May; fruits ripen in late June, July. Sometimes ripe fruits persist on plants until late autumn. Insect polluted. 2n = 36.

Honeysuckle Karelin (Lonicera karelinii)

Middle Asia. In mountain spruce, fir-mixed forests and juniper, as well as in the subalpine zone. It is protected in reserves. Shrub up to 2 m tall. Vegetation from the first half of April to mid-September-early October. The growth rate is slow or medium. It blooms from 5 years, annually, in the second half of May or in the first half of June. Fruits in 6-8 years, annually, not abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of July and the first half of August. Full winter hardiness.

Honeysuckle Korolkova (Lonicera korolkowii)

Central Asian very decorative deciduous shrub up to 3 m tall, with spaced, young, softly pubescent branches. The leaves are broad-ovoid or elliptic (up to 3 cm), spiky, with a broad-wedge-shaped base, bluish-green, often bluish, giving the plant a unique originality that intensifies when light red buds appear. Even more elegant this honeysuckle at the time of flowering lasting two weeks, when abundant, pinkish flowers bloom, spectacular against the background of bluish greens. Spherical, bright orange or scarlet, very decorative fruits remain on the bushes until late autumn. Little is damaged by pests and diseases. Winter hardiness. Photophilous. Fruits annually, propagated well by seeds, summer and lignified cuttings, offspring and layering. Seeds are sown before winter, after a year the seedlings are planted in a permanent place, in the third year they bloom. It is decorative throughout the entire growing season, looks great in single and group plantings against a background of birches. One of the most beautiful honeysuckles, an excellent honey plant. In a culture since 1880.

Wool honeysuckle (Lonicera lanata)

Middle Asia. In the mountains, among shrubbery along river valleys, bottoms and slopes of ravines in the middle and lower mountain zones. It is protected in reserves. Shrub up to 3 m tall. Vegetation from mid-April to early May to the end of October (before the onset of autumn frosts). Growing fast. It blooms from 4-5 years, in the first half of June or from mid-June to early July. Fruits in 5-7 years, annually, not abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of August and the first half of September. Winter hardiness is average.

Honeysuckle Maak (Lonicera maakii)

The largest Far Eastern species of honeysuckle. It is found in oak and elm forests, along the banks of the rivers of the Far East, Northeast China, Korea and Japan. A branchy shrub or tree up to 5 m tall, with a light gray bark. The leaves are short-leaved, ovoid-elliptic to broadly lanceolate, gradually pointed, almost glabrous. The flowers are large, fragrant up to 3 cm in diameter, snow-white, yellowing by flowering. Flowering continues from the beginning to the end of June. Berries are sessile, spherical, free, inedible. Winter-hardy, drought-resistant, little damaged by pests and diseases. Propagated by both seeds and cuttings, the rooting of which reaches 90%. Extremely spectacular during flowering, abundant, snow-white flowers stand out against the background of greenery, arranged in regular rows on the shoots above the leaves, which gives the impression of snow falling. It is good both during fruiting and after the leaves fall, when the branches are densely planted with long-lasting, blood-red fruits. Valuable landscape gardening recommended for single and group plantings. In culture since 1860.

Maximovich Honeysuckle (Lonicera maximowiczii)

Far East, Korea, China. In the undergrowth of coniferous and deciduous forests. It is protected in reserves. Shrub up to 3 m tall. Vegetation from the first half of April to the end of September-October. Growing fast. It blooms from 4-5 years, from the second half of May-mid-June to early June-early July. Fruits in 5-7 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of July. Full winter hardiness.

Small-leaved honeysuckle (Lonicera microphylla)

Its main range is located in Central Asia, Kazakhstan and part of Altai. Very hardy in the middle lane. In nature, it rises high in the mountains, where it grows in a belt from 1300 to 3300 m above sea level on talus, in crevices of rocks, on granites, sandstones, limestones in rare-standing forests of Schrenka spruce, walnut, and also in juniper - overgrowth of several types of juniper. This densely branched winter-hardy and very light-loving shrub up to 1.5 m tall began to be grown in culture in the botanical garden of St. Petersburg since 1818. It forms a dense crown, so it can be used to create hedges, borders, as well as rockeries. Bluish-green foliage, yellowish-white flowers and especially abundant orange, yellow, and sometimes dark blue rather large fruits are very decorated with shrubs. Blossoms and bears fruit for 3-4 years. Propagated by seeds.

Honeysuckle Morrow (Lonicera morrowii)

Japan. Shrub up to 2 m tall. Vegetation from the first half of April to the end of September-October. The growth rate is average. It blooms in the second half of May or from late May to mid-June, about 10-16 days. Fruits in 5-6 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of July - early August. Full winter hardiness.

Muscovite honeysuckle (Lonicera x muscaviensis / ruprechtiana x morrowii)

Shrub up to 3-4 m high. It grows from the first half of April to the end of September-October. The growth rate is average. It blooms annually, from mid-May to early June to mid-June. Fruits in 5-6 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of July and the first half of August. Full winter hardiness.

Blueberry honeysuckle (Lonicera myrtillus)

Himalayas. On the rocks. Creeping shrub up to 1 m tall. Vegetation from mid-April to early May to mid-late October. It grows slowly, growths are small. It blooms from 6-7 years, in the second half of May. Fruits in 7 years, not annually, single fruits ripen in the second half of August. Winter hardiness is below average.

Black Honeysuckle (Lonicera nigra)

European species, the eastern part of the range of which is located in the Carpathian region, where it grows in mountain forests. It first appeared in our country in culture in 1736 and is now widespread from the Baltic states to Novosibirsk. This is a densely leafy medium-sized shrub, not exceeding 2 m, rather shade-tolerant, but blooming more abundantly in well-lit places. Reddish flowers appear in the third decade of May, and flowering ends in mid-June. In the first half of July, bluish-black fruits grown at the base ripen. It begins to bloom and bear fruit from 4-5 years. Propagated by seeds and summer cuttings, the rooting of which reaches 80%. It can be used in groups and to create average hedges.

Glossy honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida)

Spread. Homeland - Western China. It is found on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and more rarely in gardens and parks of the southern coast of Crimea. A small evergreen densely branched shrub up to 1-1.5 m high, with small shiny ovate-oblong leaves, petioles are very short, flowers are small, white, fragrant. It blooms in late April and in the first half of May. The fruits ripen in October. The seeds are very small. It grows pretty fast. It tolerates partial shade. The soil is not particularly demanding. It grows well on clay soils, moist and dry soils. Very easily propagated by seeds. It tolerates a haircut.

Monolithic honeysuckle (Lonicera nummularifolia)

In the mountains of Turkmenistan, the Western Tien Shan, Pamir-Alai, Iran, Afghanistan. On juniper, walnut-fruit forests and shrubs along the slopes of mountains and gorges. It is protected in reserves. Shrub 3 m tall or a tree 5 m tall. Vegetation from mid-April to early May to mid-September to October. The growth rate is average. It blooms from 5-6 years, in June. Fruits in 7-8 years, annually, not abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of August. Winter hardiness is high.

Honeysuckle Olga (Lonicera olgae)

Central Asia - Tien Shan and Pamir-Alai. On the rocky slopes of the alpine belt of mountains. It is protected in reserves. Low open or rising shrub up to 0.6 m tall. Vegetation from the first half of April to the end of September — October. Growing slowly. It blooms from 5 years in May. Fruits in 6 years, not annually, single fruits ripen in July. Full winter hardiness.

Eastern honeysuckle (Lonicera orientalis)

Caucasus. The upper border of the forest and subalpine zone. Shrub up to 3.0 m tall. Vegetation from April to mid-October. Growing fast. It blooms from 3 years, not annually, from late May - mid-June to early July. Fruits in 5-6 years, not annually, not abundantly, the fruits ripen in August. Winter hardiness is below average.

Curly Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum)

In nature, distributed in Central and Southern Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor. In culture, we are known from St. Petersburg to the Caucasus. A tall, winding shrub up to 5 m tall, with large leaf variability, dark green above and bluish below. Flowers in dense capitate inflorescences, yellow-white inside, outside with a carmine corolla, very fragrant. Flowering begins in July and sometimes continues until September. Dark red fruits ripen in August. Blossoms and bears fruit in the third or fourth year. In culture since 1814. The plant grows very quickly, therefore, despite some freezing in the winter of annual shoots, the shape is well restored, and since flowering occurs on the shoots of the current year, its decorativeness is preserved.

Honeysuckle cap (Lonicera pileata)

Evergreens, shrubs, 40-60 (100) cm tall with wide-spreading branches, thin, pubescent shoots. Leaves are ovate to oblong-lanceolate, 0.5–2 (4) cm long and 0.4–1.5 cm wide, with a blunt apex and wedge-shaped base, dark green, glabrous and glossy above, light green below, pubescent along the middle vein. The flowers are arranged in pairs, white or pale yellow, the corolla tube is funnel-shaped, 0.6-0.8 cm long, fragrant. It blooms in May. Central and Western China.

Occurs occasionally in the undergrowth of deciduous and mixed forests in the south of the Ussuri Territory, in Korea and Japan. Weakly branched shrub up to 1.5 m tall or slightly branched tree up to 2.5 m tall. The bark is straw-yellow, peeling off in longitudinal strips, young shoots are brown, stiff-haired. The leaves are oval, short-pointed, in the youth, hairy pubescent, in the spring - light green, in the summer - green, in the fall - golden yellow. The flowers are paired, tubular-funnel-shaped, light pink, later pale, with a delicate, lemon scent, on long peduncles (2.5 cm). Blooms before the leaves bloom. Fruits are more often single, spherical or slightly oblong, light red with a white bloom, inedible, immediately fall off after ripening. Hardy, shade-tolerant. It tolerates urban conditions, haircuts and transplants. Easily propagated by cuttings, seeds and root offspring. The rooting of summer cuttings without treatment with stimulants is from 70 to 85%. It is rare in culture, but deserves the widest distribution for its original tree shape, shade tolerance, very early flowering on leafless shoots of pink-lilac flowers and colorful fruiting. Recommended for single and small group plantings in gardens and parks. Introduced into the culture by the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden in 1915.

Honeysuckle offspring (Lonicera prolifera)

Homeland - North America. In our country, it is distributed from St. Petersburg to the Caucasus, where it is used in vertical landscaping. This is a very powerful vine with strong and thick shoots that firmly fix the plant on a support - wooden, metal or rope.The leaves of the offspring's honeysuckle are very beautiful - large, up to 9 cm long and 5.5 cm wide. Above, they are bright or intensely green, and below the bluish, with a short soft drooping. The upper two pairs of leaves grow together in thick, flat discs bordered along the edge, with a thick bluish coating on top. Flowering occurs from 4 years of age in late June - early May. Inflorescences are tiered, like most curly honeysuckles, quite numerous, bright yellow, not fragrant. The flowers are slightly smaller than honeysuckle, up to 3 cm long. This honeysuckle is remembered more by the fruits. They are reddish-orange in color, collected in large heavy fruit, mature in September. The foliage color turns yellow at this time. Branches with fruits are suitable for an autumn bouquet. Flowering begins in mid-June and lasts almost until the second decade of July. Blossoms and bears fruit from 5-6 years. Sibling honeysuckle rises to a height of 3-4 m, delicately decorates the wall of the house, gazebo. It is only necessary to direct the shoots along the supports, otherwise they can braid and destroy the shrubs or flowers growing nearby. Propagate the vine with seeds.

Honeysuckle (Lonicera x purpusii)

Evergreens, shrubs 2-3 m tall, densely branched, branches wide-spread, bare, shoots bare, sometimes slightly bristly. The leaves are oblong-ovate, 5-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, glabrous and dark green above, light green below and pubescent along the veins. The flowers are creamy white, arranged in pairs, with a strong aroma. It blooms in February and April. Decorative shrub, attracts a pleasant aroma of flowers.

Ruprecht Honeysuckle (Lonicera ruprechtiana)

In Primorye along the banks of rivers on pebbles or on stony placers, in deciduous forests, and often on conflagrations, a large bush, reaching 3-4 m in height, with a brownish-gray bark, is found singly or in groups.
This Ruprecht honeysuckle first appeared in St. Petersburg in 1800. Now it has spread widely, as it is winter-hardy and drought-resistant. Oval or almost lanceolate leaves below densely pubescent and seem to be felt. Appearing in the second half of May, bright yellow paired two-lipped honey flowers adorn the shrub for 2-3 weeks. Bright red or orange red separate fruit.

Plant description

In the family Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae) there are about 200 species of honeysuckle (Lonicera) Among them there are only a few varieties with edible fruits (it is with such oblong blue berries that we regale at the beginning of summer). The berries of the rest of the representatives are inedible and when consumed in large quantities can cause severe poisoning.

However, among the cultivated varieties there are absolutely incomparable plants that can act as a delightful decoration of a personal plot. Let's talk about decorative honeysuckle.


Decorative honeysuckle during flowering. Photo from sadovod-proskurina.ru

Decorative honeysuckles attract attention with a lush green crown and a cloud of amazing inflorescences that appear on shoots during the flowering period in large numbers. Spectacular berries of red, yellow, orange or black color prolong the beauty of these plants until late autumn.


Honeysuckle Honeysuckle

Among the varieties of this culture, one can meet upright densely leafy shrubs from 1 to 4 m high. They will perfectly fit into the group planting on the site, play solo in an empty corner of the garden or act as an amazing hedge. Shrub species have good winter hardiness and therefore can develop in any regions of our country.


Tatar honeysuckle - tall, sprawling shrub

In addition to shrubs, there are a large number of spectacular vines in the Honeysuckle family, the shoots of which can reach a length of 6 m. Curly varieties of decorative honeysuckle have less winter hardiness and are most comfortable only in the southern regions of our country. But even in the middle lane, with proper preparation for the winter, plants will develop well and delight with their beautiful outfit.


Curly decorative honeysuckle. Photos from photoshare.ru

Liana-shaped honeysuckles are perfect for vertical gardening of the site and will look great, entwining a summer house, fence, pergola, arch or a trellis specially built for them.


Lianoid honeysuckle is perfect for vertical gardening. Photo from the site dachnaya-zhizn.ru

Types of "Honeysuckle"

The soil
  • Fertile, loose, neutral
Flowering time
  • May to July
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Medium // Acceptable direct rays for several hours, eastern, western orientation
    Watering
    • Few // Drought tolerant
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Little // Undemanding to moisture in water
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Not enough // Enough nutrition. substances from own soil or rare fertilizer
    Content temperature
    • moderately warm content (+18 - + 25 ° C)

    Content

    • 1. Description
    • 2. Growing
    • 3. Diseases and pests
    • 4. Reproduction
    • 5. First steps after purchase
    • 6. Secrets of success
    • 7. Possible difficulties

    The genus Honeysuckle (Honeysuckle family) in the 21st century, after careful research, has decreased by almost half. Some "participants" lost the status of the species and were combined with relatives, sometimes under a new name. Currently, in accordance with the botanical nomenclature, a common name is assigned to 103 plant species. Most grow in East Asia, the rest spread through the warm and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere.

    Honeysuckle - deciduous or evergreen shrubs. Some grow several meters in height, more reminiscent of trees due to erect and spreading stems. Others almost creep on the ground. Still others are shrubby vines.

    Foliage densely covers strongly branching branches. The leaves are colored green, attached to the shoots with short petioles, located opposite. The size and shape of leaf blades is one of the species differences. Often, the upper leaves grow together, forming a kind of wrapper.

    Honeysuckle blooms in spring and summer. Flowers appear in pairs or form a whorl. Often the whorls are combined into large panicle, brush or spike-shaped inflorescences. In some species, the flowers exude aroma, in others they are odorless, but all are honey plants. The fused petals of the corolla create a tube and a five-lobed limb. Coloring is monophonic (white, pink, red, purple), as well as two-tone.

    Nature was not stingy with the colors of the fruits. Red, black, orange, white, blue berries grow together in two. Juicy fruits contain several small seeds.

    In the culture, Honeysuckle is used as an ornamental plant. These representatives of the flora are durable and unpretentious. Unfortunately, beautiful berries in most species are recognized as inedible and even weakly poisonous. However, for example, the species Blue Honeysuckle, like its many varieties, pleases with tasty and healthy fruits that can be eaten fresh, make jelly, jam, wine from them.

    Growing

    Honeysuckle can grow on almost any garden soil. Nevertheless, it grows most actively on loose and nutritious soils. These plants do not like acid soil, liming helps to bring the pH level to “normal”.

    Honeysuckle needs pruning. But a haircut under one comb for all representatives of the genus is not suitable. Pruning principles depend on the purpose of the plant. In particular, only damaged branches are removed from edible species in the early years. Starting from the age of 8, every 2–3 years after leaf fall, the bushes are thinned out. Since the main crop appears on annual shoots, the shoots of the current year do not bother. A bush that has reached 15–20 years old should be rejuvenated, that is, pruned to a stump.

    Ornamental shrubs are trimmed more often to maintain a certain height and not allow the branches to break the outline of the crown. High hedges also need thinning. Honeysuckle vines need to form the basis and set the direction. Most often, side shoots are removed, and the main ones are tied or fixed. In the future, only “extra” branches are sheared.

    Honeysuckle is easily propagated by seeds, but varietal characters are lost with this method. Therefore, to increase the number of plants, cuttings are used. Green cuttings 7-12 cm long are treated with a root stimulant and placed in a sand-peat mixture. They take root quickly.

    First steps after purchase

    The best planting material is 2-3 year old seedlings with a closed root system. When buying, you should inspect the plant: spots and damage on the stem, curled leaves - signs of illness or attack by pests. Buying such instances is not worth it.

    Healthy seedlings can be reloaded from spring to autumn. The depth and diameter of the landing pit should be about 30 cm. It is advisable to equip the drainage layer. When planting several bushes / vines, there should be a distance of at least 1.5–2 meters between them. The root neck must be left at ground level. After planting, the plant is watered and mulched.

    Secrets of Success

    Among Honeysuckles there are both photophilous and shade-tolerant specimens. Therefore, when choosing a place of residence, one should focus on the requirements of this type.

    Honeysuckle, especially at a young age, requires regular moderate watering. Adult “individuals” are watered 2-3 times a month in the summer. In the absence of rainfall, plants are responsive to sprinkling.

    It is very important to clean the near-stem zone from weeds and prevent crusting. Loosening should be carried out carefully so as not to damage the root system.

    Honeysuckle is fed with nitrogen fertilizers in early spring. After flowering make a small dose of complex. The third top dressing - autumn - phosphorus-potash. It can be replaced by mulching with compost or peat.

    Possible difficulties

    In the first years of life, Honeysuckle grows slowly. This is quite natural, since all the forces of the plant go to the development of the root system.

    Do not worry if the bark cracks and slides on the stems. This "exposure" is a property of Honeysuckle. Under the discarded "skin" is healthy wood.

    If the leaves turn yellow and curl, an attack of honeysuckle aphids is likely. Spring treatment with insecticides helps to prevent the problem. Well-proven drug Aktara.

    The corrugated edges of leaf blades and premature leaf fall are caused by the activity of the honeysuckle tick. The pest most often affects thickened plantings. Acaricides have been developed for the fight (see "Medicines").

    Recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of powdery mildew are presented in the relevant sections of the site. If spots or a mosaic pattern appear on the leaves, the plant is infected with viruses. Fighting them is pointless. In this case, the bushes / vines will have to be destroyed.

    Subscribe and receive descriptions of new species and varieties in the "decorative trees and shrubs" section in the mail!

    Species and varieties

    Among the shrubby forms stands out Alpine honeysuckle(Lonicera alpigena) with a compact crown up to 1 m high. It is characterized by dark green almost leathery leaves and paired two-lipped flowers without aroma, painted in a yellowish color. Lush flowering of the bush begins in the second half of May and lasts 2-3 weeks.

    By September, shiny red berries the size of a cherry are ripening, thanks to such an elegant "harvest", the shrub becomes the center of attention in a dull autumn season. Alpine honeysuckle is distinguished by shade tolerance, winter hardiness, durability and enviable resistance to pathogens.


    The bright fruits of the Alpine honeysuckle. Photo from academic.ru

    Definitely worth noting g. golden (L. chrysantha) - a sprawling dense shrub up to 4 m high. The plant has large (up to 12 cm) leathery leaves of a dark green color and beautiful flowers of a golden yellow hue with an unmatched honey aroma.

    Blooms profusely in late May - early June for about 2 weeks. At the end of summer, it bears fruit in spectacular carmine-red rounded berries. The species is winter-hardy, unpretentious in care, resistant to pests and diseases.


    Golden honeysuckle. Photo from plantarium.ru

    Deserves the attention of Russian gardeners g. Maaka (L. maackii), which is a lush shrub up to 3 m high. In early summer, numerous snow-white inflorescences appear on it, which against the background of dark green foliage resemble fallen snow. As they wilt, the flowers turn yellow and later turn into catchy bright red berries. This variety is practically not affected by diseases, it will please with winter hardiness, drought tolerance, as well as incredibly elegant decoration during the flowering and fruiting period.


    Honeysuckle Maak. Photo from i1.wp.com

    It is developing well in our area g. Maksimovich (L. maximowiczii) - a beautiful densely leafy shrub up to 2 m high, from which a magnificent hedge is obtained. In June, the plant will attract attention with purple flowers, and in autumn it will delight the eye with carmine fruits and long non-yellowing foliage. The shrub tolerates a haircut, differs in winter hardiness and unpretentiousness.


    Honeysuckle Maximovich. Photo from siu.edu

    It will look very beautiful in the garden g. ordinary (L. xylosteum) This is a shrub up to 1.5 m high with beautiful arched curved shoots and pubescent leaves - dark green on top and light green on the back. This honeysuckle is distinguished by paired two-lipped flowers of a light yellow hue, which, as they wither, acquire a bright yellow color and by the autumn form numerous dark red rounded fruits with pubescent stalks. The bush blooms in May-June for 2-3 weeks.


    Honeysuckle ordinary. Photo from wikimedia.org

    Honeysuckle feels great in a temperate climate and has several decorative forms.

    Few people are indifferent g. coverlet (L. involucrata) - a shrub up to 3 m high with very beautiful dark green foliage and amazing inflorescences. Paired lemon-yellow flowers as they bloom, like bracts, turn purple. And after flowering, which occurs at the end of spring and lasts 10-12 days, the attention of the “audience” is attracted by purple bracts with shiny black berries in the middle. This species is distinguished by its longevity (up to 100 years), winter hardiness, and shade tolerance, but it places high demands on soil moisture.


    Covering honeysuckle. Photo from staticflickr.com

    Feels great in the middle lane is durable and highly decorative g. Tatar (L. tatarica) This lush, sprawling shrub can grow up to 4 m. It has oblong bluish-green leaves and paired pink flowers that stay on the shoots for 2-3 weeks in May - June. By the end of summer, numerous berries appear in the place of inflorescences, painted in yellow, orange or red. The disadvantages of the plant include vulnerability to viral diseases.


    Honeysuckle Tatar. Photo from plantarium.ru

    Among the decorative forms. Tatar stand out the following:

    • large-flowered (f. grandiflora) with especially large white flowers,
    • Siberian (f. sibirica) with red inflorescences,
    • grade 'Alba' with snow-white inflorescences,
    • grade 'Rosea' with pink-raspberry inflorescences and large foliage,
    • variety 'Lutea' with golden berries,
    • grade 'Nana' with a low compact crown and small pink inflorescences.

    Gray honeysuckle (L. dioica) - while a rare guest in our area. It has good winter hardiness, drought tolerance and high decorativeness. The plant is an upright or slightly branching shrub up to 2 m high. Its leaves are colored bright green above and have a bluish tint on the underside.


    Gray honeysuckle. Photo from staticflickr.com

    During the flowering period, which falls at the beginning of summer and lasts 2 weeks, the bush is covered with delightful greenish-yellow or purplish-yellow inflorescences. In their place, then appear oblong berries of bright red color, giving the plant a special charm in autumn.

    Among the creeper varieties of culture is particularly popular g. honeysuckle (L. caprifolium) The shoots of this plant can reach a length of 6 m, which makes it indispensable for vertical gardening. Liana has beautiful leaves, painted on top in dark green color, and below in bluish-gray.

    The petals of large, fragrant inflorescences of honeysuckle are painted yellowish-white on the inside and dark pink on the outside. Lush flowering liana falls in June and lasts 2-3 weeks. In August, decorative plants add bright orange-red fruits. Like all curly honeysuckle, honeysuckle when grown in the middle lane will require shelter for the winter and more thorough care than for shrubby forms of culture.


    Honeysuckle Honeysuckle

    It is also worth noting the amazingly beautiful liana called g. Brown (L. x brownii) Its shoots grow to a length of 2-3 m, the leaves look like honeysuckle foliage. The plant has fragrant flowers of an original form and a spectacular orange-red hue. Brown's honeysuckle blooms profusely at the end of June and blooms for 2-3 weeks. It grows better in the sun, does not tolerate the lack of fertilizing and drought.


    Brown Honeysuckle. Photo from permaobserver.com

    Among varietal variety Brown should highlight the varieties 'Fuchsioides' with flowers of raspberry shade and 'Dropmore Scarlet' with scarlet inflorescences.

    Delightful during flowering g. Hecrotta (L. x heckrottii), which is covered by numerous inflorescences collected from several orange-yellow inside and purple outside flowers. Liana has a long flowering period - from June to August (in favorable seasons to October). It is choosy to soil fertility and moisture.


    Hercules Honeysuckle. Photo from the site dekorsad56.ru

    W. Hecrotta is particularly interested in the varieties of 'Gold Flame' with cream-pink inflorescences and 'American Beauty' with yellow-orange inflorescences.

    Impossible to ignore g. Telman (L. x tellmanniana) Liana has shoots 2-3 m long, large leaves (up to 10 cm in length) and charming inflorescences of orange-yellow or bright golden color. Flowering is very lush, falls at the end of spring or the beginning of summer, lasts about 2-3 weeks. In autumn, the vine is decorated with numerous yellow-orange berries. It grows well in a sunny place, requires careful care.


    Telman's honeysuckle. Photo from botsad.ru

    As you can see, there are many varieties of decorative honeysuckle. It remains to choose for your site the one that you like best, and this can be done in our market.

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