Breeding parrots at home is, most often, the result of certain efforts on the part of the owners. In order to obtain offspring from feathered pets, it is necessary not only to take care of their health, but also to satisfy a number of bird needs: from the right pair to the correct placement of the nest.
Conditions of detention
If one pair of parrots lives in the cage, then the nest or birdhouse can be hung right there. If there are a lot of birds, then it is necessary either to provide all with separate "bedrooms", or place them in different cages. It is better to do this in the middle of spring, since summer is the most successful time for hatching. The reason for this is that this season has the most optimal daylight hours. In addition, in the summer months it is easier to provide pets with proper nutrition, rich in vitamins and essential microelements. In the summer, it will be easier for the birds to bear the loads associated with hatching and feeding the chicks.
The temperature, which should contribute to the awakening of the instinct of reproduction - 20-24 degrees. Humidity should be maintained at about 60-70%. For more accurate measurements, it is better to purchase a thermometer and hydrometer.
Cages for breeding parrots of any species should be of such a size that the parrot can at least freely open its wings, without risking breaking off feathers. The ideal cage is one in which birds can move freely.
Without the right pair, breeding parrots of most species is almost impossible. It is necessary to make sure that both future parents are from different families, since inbreeding is undesirable in a feathered environment. In addition, both birds must be young, healthy, otherwise the offspring will be unviable.
In order for parrot breeding to be successful, sympathy must arise between the birds. If the birds clean each other's feathers, spend time together, kiss - the pair is a success.
The best age for breeding is around 18 months. The highest fecundity is observed in birds aged 2-4 years.
Breeding parrots at home requires close attention to the nutrition of pets. It is especially important to give green food rich in vitamins. Be sure to pamper your parrots with young branches of mountain ash, linden and birch, dandelion leaves, nettle. Fresh fruits and vegetables will also benefit the birds.
In addition, be sure to add to the feed cottage cheese, sprouted grains, eggs. Boiled egg should be given several times a week. To avoid vitamin D deficiency, a little fish oil can be added to the feed. To meet the increased requirements of birds for phosphorus and calcium, you can either add to the feed or put in a separate bowl chopped eggshell and chalk.
Most often, subject to the necessary conditions, 8-15 days after the start of mating, the female lays the first egg. Then, every 4-5 days, large breeds and small species, 1.5-3 days, lay another egg.
Most often, the shape of the eggs is oval, the color is dull white. 7-10 days after laying, you can find out whether the eggs are fertilized. To do this, you need to bring each of them to a burning lamp and look at the clearance. If blackout with a vascular network is visible - the egg is fertilized. Practice shows that young couples are able to give fewer chicks than birds of mature age. On average, small breeds of parrots land on clutches of 4-8 eggs, while large ones are enough for 2-4. If an empty egg is found in the masonry, it is better to leave it. The fact is that the female, when hatched, will warm him. And then it will give this heat to neighboring eggs, in which parrots develop.
In general, touching the eggs once again is not recommended, so as not to force the birds to drop the nest. If some egg is very dirty with excrement, it can be washed gently with warm water. If minor damage to the shell is found, this place can be sealed with a band-aid. However, remember that the chick begins to peck its container from the blunt end.
The incubation period varies for different types of parrots and lasts from 17 to 35 days. All this time, the female warms the eggs. They need to be heated up to 37 degrees, while moisturizing. The female does this with wet feathers, so be sure to make sure that there is always bathing water in the cage. The male feeds the female, therefore it is impossible to plant him for the period of incubation of eggs.
First one chick hatches. The rest will hatch at approximately the same frequency with which the eggs were laid. At a weekly age, their eyes open, after 3-4 days feather stumps appear. By day 15, the chicks are covered with feathers. Fully fledging they are 30-35 days. In 40-45 days they can be deposited in a separate cage.
The chicks peck the way to freedom as soon as they ripen and gain enough strength. Sometimes it happens that in one egg two chicks ripen - in this case they are twins.
Be that as it may, in order to get healthy offspring, it is very important to monitor the health and ensure proper care for your pets long before the breeding of parrots itself begins.
Many people believe that the work of life is, firstly, their own business, which also does not require large financial costs and brings pleasure. It is desirable that the pleasure was not only for the owner, but also for others. Those for whom these statements are relevant should consider breeding parrots as a business. Indeed, beautiful, cheerful feathered creatures not only cheer up their leprosy, but also decorate even the most unpretentious interior.
Many want to have an unpretentious pet at home. Therefore, problems with the sale of chicks will not arise. At the first stage of the formation of this business, you need to purchase cages for living birds. And, of course, by the parrots themselves. About two dozen heterosexual creatures. The place in which cages with birds will stand year-round should be well heated, be fairly bright and spacious. The better conditions the parrots manage to provide, the more healthy the offspring they will be able to bring.
It should be borne in mind that some birds that prefer life in a flock (wavy, lovebirds, some other species of parrots) also breed “synchronously”. Therefore, the more pairs will simultaneously have access to the nests, the more offspring will result.
On average, a pair of birds can hatch about 5-7 chicks at a time. Independently, young parrots can live from 2 months. Most species of parrots can hatch chicks several times a year, which is undoubtedly very beneficial for business. But still it is worth taking breaks between clutches so that the birds have time to fully recover. In order to prevent a new masonry, just remove the house for breeding parrots or a nest from the cage.
A professional approach to breeding will make it possible to turn a simple hobby into a profitable business. When building your business, we must not forget about maintaining a high level of bird keeping, because only this is a guarantee of obtaining healthy chicks and a high income. It is worth showing patience, and then all efforts will be justified.
One of the interesting differences in the breeding of these birds is that sometimes it is not possible to pick up a pair of parrots of one subspecies. Then even experienced breeders allow crossbreeding between representatives of different subspecies.
The rosella parrot is not difficult to maintain, so such chicks are in good demand in pet stores. Those who are interested in breeding for organizing a business should look at this type of parrot.
For breeding, these parrots need a rather small house, but the size of the letka should be about 8 centimeters. The bottom of the house is lined with wood dust or sawdust.
Rosella incubation lasts 20 days. The male feeds the female, guards the nest. The independence of the chicks occurs in 8-10 weeks.
This type of parrot chooses a partner very carefully. If the rosella parrot does not feel affection for the intended partner, they will not breed. Therefore, it is better to give the birds a wide choice for pairing.
A friend was not picked up right away. The first applicant was weak, too young. Our Kesha attacked him like a kite. The future groom clearly did not live up to expectations, and we urgently returned him to the pet store, replacing him with an adult male.
The new cavalier was the exact opposite of the first - confident and persistent, in a word - the way you want. The bright green color and proud posture had the necessary effect on Kesha. She was fascinated, but made no attempt to get to know each other. Just sat on the perch and waited. The male was named Gosha.
Gosha quickly got used to it and from the very first day began to tirelessly care for Kesha: he cooed tirelessly, looking into his eyes, and danced "topotushki". You could endlessly admire this funny sight. But our Kesha, a flint, pretended not to see or hear anything.
As it turned out, it was a nest, without housing - no relationship! The husband took up the manufacture of nests.
Breeding decorative birds is not legally established, and this type of activity is not licensed. If a novice breeder plans to conduct his business in compliance with legal norms, he draws up individual entrepreneurship and is registered with the tax service. A separate condition is the entry into the society of bird lovers in their region. In this organization, you can get advice at any stage of breeding parrots at home.
It is very difficult to open a parrot breeding business if there is no experience in keeping them. Before you grow and sell parrots, you need to thoroughly study the specifics of hatching.
Beginners are advised to start with budgies, as these little birds willingly breed in captivity. Profit from the sale of wavy chicks will be insignificant, but stable. Demand for exotic birds is high, so there will be no problems with the implementation.
The formation of a marriage union
Before you start breeding parrots, you need to remember that these are flocking birds. The breeder combines in one room several heterosexual parrots, giving them the right to choose an object of affection. The budgerigar entering the reproductive season must go through all stages of courtship, starting from meeting a partner.
Rules for pairing:
- A healthy, strong offspring is possible only from parents without blood ties. Inbreeding results in weakened chicks with congenital anomalies. Sick birds with poor heredity do not live long.
- You can’t force a budgie on a partner. Forced marriage can be fruitless. It is better if the newlyweds choose each other themselves, then the offspring of the couple in love will appear soon.
- Suitable age for mating in females is one and a half years, in males - one year. Parasites of high fecundity of budgies reach the age of two to four years. They do not lose their ability to reproduce until they are eight to nine years old. Older birds are not suitable for breeding.
- Females usually choose their own “spouse" and then dominate. Experts advise planting a young female with an experienced male, already held as a dad. Then, as she grows up, the girl will not become absurd, but will learn to obey her partner.
The best period for breeding
In wild budgerigars living in Australia, the instinct for procreation is manifested in winter (in the southern hemisphere it is June - August, the rainy season). Domesticated birds are not so attached to a certain time of the year, the period for breeding is chosen by breeders.
It is better to stimulate the reproductive instinct in budgies in the summer months. Heat and long daylight hours contribute to the production of sex hormones. Our winter and spring are not suitable for pandering, as the organisms of the birds are weakened. The chances of healthy offspring are small.
Preparation of birds includes a set of actions aimed at improving and improving conditions:
- an increase in the duration of daylight hours to 16 hours (adding gradually, 1 to 2 hours per day), the inclusion of additional lighting,
- maintenance of air temperature not less than 22 degrees,
- the addition of mineral elements (calcium, phosphorus) and vitamins to the diet.
An intermediate stage of preparatory measures is the hanging of the nesting house. Seeing the future "maternity hospital", the female begins to settle in it intensely - to nest.
What should be the cell
Budgerigars are small birds, so the cage for the family is not very large. One pair will comfortably fit in a structure measuring 80/60/40 cm, for two pairs the parameters are multiplied by two. Breeders with parrot breeding put on stream combine several birds in spacious enclosures. It is recommended to place each family separately so that there are no quarrels between them. During hatching, the female needs rest.
On the side wall of the cage they attach a nesting house - a small house. You can suspend the house inside the cage, but then its useful volume will be reduced. It’s easy to make a small house yourself from several planks or purchase it at a pet store. For ease of observation and cleaning, the socket cover must be removable or folding. The female does not build a cozy nest from the branches, but sheathes and drags the branches into the house. You can alleviate her task by placing sawdust mixed with dried chamomile in a cage.
What to feed
Parrots that have entered the breeding phase are of great interest to mineral nutrition. Make sure that the cell always has sepia, a mineral mixture, a stone. Chalk is a good source of calcium. You can simply grind calcium gluconate tablets and add to the grain mixture, previously slightly moistened. Minerals, getting into the body of a future mother, are digested and help to avoid shell fragility.
The health of the breeding parrots directly depends on the correctness of the content and good food. Future parents deserve enhanced nutrition:
- The awakening of the sexual instinct is facilitated by the consumption of germinated grain,
- For the normal formation of eggs in the usual menu of budgies add fresh cereals, kefir, vegetables,
- Breeders are popular with such a treat for nesting birds: a salad of grated carrots, chopped eggs, cottage cheese and seedlings. This dish is not for every day, but twice a week to eat such a mixture is very useful.
As soon as the female lays eggs and begins to incubate them, stop giving her soft food, increase the daily norm of grains and seeds. The female spends a lot of energy on heating eggs, she needs high-calorie food. Water in the drinker often needs to be changed to fresh. The bird can become sick by drinking stagnant fluids.
Courts of the male
When the budgerigar is determined with the object of his love, he begins to actively care for. He strives to constantly be near the female, polishes feathers, feeds. In a fit of tenderness, she covers her lady with a wing, looks into her eyes, nods her head.The male in love cooes and dances, taps with a beak on the surrounding objects - he talks.
If the female favorably accepts the boyfriend, she participates in his dances, responds to kisses. Some females do not even take food on their own, waiting for the male to pass the treat from the beak to the beak. The most intimate process occurs quickly and invisibly to prying eyes. Mating games last for several days and even weeks, but sometimes a parrot needs only one mating to fertilize. Next comes the time of nesting: the mystery of the birth of chicks.
How many eggs in one clutch
The readiness of the female parrot to be seen can be seen on her bare tummy. For better contact and heating the eggs, the female plucks feathers, they also insulate the nest with them. In the process of childbirth, the bird freezes for several minutes, rolls its eyes. Soon the egg appears. The future father at this time sits for a long time at the house, entertains his partner with tweets. He brings food, helping the female recover strength.
A young mother lays eggs one at a time. Usually, budgies in one clutch have 3 to 5 eggs, but in exceptional cases there are more than ten. It depends on age: the older the bird, the more chicks it has.
How many days to wait for the chicks
As soon as the first eggs are laid, the female should immediately begin to hatch them. The male does not take part in this, his role is to bring food closer to the partner. The bird flips the eggs for even warming. Sometimes it leaves the nest to drink and empty the intestines. In a few minutes the eggs do not have time to cool down, a slight drop in temperature does not harm the embryos.
The normal duration of hatching is 18 days. After the time allotted by nature, the chick breaks the shell from the inside with its beak and gets out. The female helps the cub to free itself and, sometimes, eats the shell. So that the newborn does not suck the skin to the shell, you need to maintain the humidity in the room at 60%.
After the first baby hatches, remove the soaked grain from the diet of the newly minted mother. With care, remove the empty shell from the house, but do not touch the cubs. Feeling a strange smell on the chicks, the bird can refuse them or show aggression.
Budgerigars are born so tiny and helpless! Their weight is only 1 - 2 grams. They are naked, weak and not at all like their grown brothers. Female parrots are caring and gentle mothers. At first, the chicks do not hold their heads; they constantly lie. It is in this position that the mother feeds the chicks, hanging over the baby and releasing goiter milk into the beak.
Tiny children develop and grow very quickly: in a day their weight doubles. When the last nestling from the masonry breaks through the shell and frees itself, the older brothers and sisters are much larger. There is a risk of the death of the cub, so you should check the nest more often these days.
The breeder is required to observe and without unnecessary need not to disturb the bird with the brood. Perhaps the only justified intervention could be the selection of chicks from an inexperienced mother who abandons her children. In this case, the breeder has to feed and care for the kids.
When to plant chicks from parents
Budgerigars take care of their children for at least 5 weeks. By this time, a dense fluff grows in the parrots, they get used to eating food on their own. The first flight from the hollow may be unsuccessful, but soon the wings of young growth will be strengthened. On the fourth day after a test flight, the chicks can be sent to another cage. It is safer for small birds to be separate from adult parrots.
Why are eggs barren?
At the end of the incubation period, whole eggs sometimes remain in the nest. The female continues to hatch them, but she has so much trouble with her newborn chicks. Eggs that have been lying for more than three weeks in the nest are most likely useless; they must be taken from the mother. Either the embryos stopped developing in them, or fertilization did not initially occur.
Why does it happen that chicks do not come out of eggs? Causes of defective eggs:
- inexperience of the female, inability to evenly warm the entire masonry,
- genetic diseases
- poor nutrition in preparation for the nesting period,
- female infection
- Unsuitable indoor climate.
One egg or two remaining in the nest unbroken is a normal variant. A large percentage of unfertilized eggs indicates problems in a pair of parrots. You can find out in advance about the quality of the laid eggs using an ovoscope. After checking the state of the embryos with the device, empty eggs must be removed from the masonry.
The result in breeding budgerigars depends on the level of knowledge and experience of the breeder. Preliminary preparation, good condition of birds and close monitoring are the main components for obtaining healthy offspring.
How to prepare for mating birds?
The emergence of feathered offspring at home is a process that must be approached with all seriousness and responsibility. To do this, it is important to observe some conditions for keeping pets and carefully monitor the reaction and habits of birds.
Budgerigars at home are quite capable of breeding. In addition, subject to all breeding rules, such birds are quite prolific. The mating season in budgies in the wild occurs mainly in June. However, in captivity, such birds can breed in different seasons. In this case, wavy birds breed in some cases, and 3 times a year, but it is better not to allow such situations that the chicks hatch fully. The best option is considered no more than 2 times a year.
Before planning the pairing of budgies and the appearance of healthy offspring from them, you should carefully approach the formation of a pair for the role of parents. Both individuals must be sexually mature, active and fully healthy. If these criteria are not met, there is a high risk that non-viable eggs will appear after mating.
Also important when choosing a pair of "wavy" for breeding healthy chicks is the kinship of individuals. The farther it is, the better. That is why a female and a male should be purchased from different breeders.
Many owners often wonder: at what age do budgerigars begin to breed? According to experts, the sexually mature period in females begins after the onset of 1 year, and in males - from 10 months. However, 2-4 years of life of individuals are considered the most fruitful. Despite this circumstance, the mating season in budgies can be observed up to 10 years of age of birds, and in some cases, much longer.
On a note! A pair of budgerigars, prepared for mating, should be well-fed, but not excessively. As many breeders note, skinny parrots often refuse to hatch eggs and feed their chicks.
Normal breeding at home of birds cannot be imagined without providing a home with optimal conditions for this, including the size of the cage.
For a pair of “wavy”, given their offspring, it is recommended to choose a dwelling with parameters of at least 60x55x65 cm. The cage itself can be of various shapes, but always with a removable top. Such a requirement is necessary for timely cleaning of the nest and inspection of eggs. The frame of the cage should be made of strong steel rods and with the possibility of reliable fixation of the nesting house on the sides.
Before planning the mating of budgies, the cage and all objects that are in it should be thoroughly disinfected. To do this, they are removed, disassembled and soaked in hot water with a small concentration of bleach. Then everything is thoroughly washed with a brush and left to dry for several hours. The nest house is also disassembled into parts and washed in hot water using baby soap.
After all parts of the budgerigar’s dwelling have been dried up, it is necessary to assemble everything and finally equip the house. Sawdust or straw is most often used for litter. It is also recommended that they add dried medicinal chamomile, as it is effective as a prophylaxis against a variety of parasites.
For parrot breeding to be successful, birds should be prepared. For this, it is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours - up to 15 hours. During the summer period, it will be sufficient to open the curtains with the appearance of the sun, and in the winter it will turn on the light when it begins to get dark. In this case, a sharp increase in daylight should not be allowed, as this can provoke untimely molting in birds.
The temperature is also important to observe when you have to breed parrots. The optimal one is considered indoor - within +20 ° C.
On a note! It is strongly not recommended to allow drafts, but at the same time, a room with a bird cage should be regularly ventilated.
The reason why budgerigars do not breed under all conditions of detention may be extraneous noise and harsh sounds. Therefore, the dwelling of birds during mating and nesting must be located in a quiet secluded place, preferably in a corner at the eye level of the owner.
Budgerigars during the breeding period should be fed in a special way. The main diet, consisting of a grain mixture, slices of vegetables and fruits, must be supplemented with fresh herbs - leaves of dandelion, plantain and others. In addition, feathered at such a time requires calcium contained in a boiled egg and low-fat cottage cheese.
Do not forget to feed the birds with minerals and various vitamin supplements. Vitamin E, which can be purchased in specialized pharmacies, is especially conducive to reproduction. It is useful to add sprouted grains of wheat, oats or other types of grains to the bird menu during the nesting period. Such products contain many trace elements important for the body of birds.
It is also important to provide the budgerigar with free access to clean water, which needs to be changed regularly. In addition, all fruits and vegetables that the bird did not immediately eat should be thrown away immediately, they should always be fresh. All this should be done not only during the breeding season, but also daily.
How do parrots behave during mating?
To see how budgerigars mate, it is necessary to plant a young couple in a cage previously prepared for this and to monitor their behavior. If the birds do not start fighting, pecking each other and tearing feathers away, then we can hope for the early appearance of offspring.
All the time courtship, the male behaves funny - combing out his girlfriend's feathers, feeding from his beak, tweeting loudly and flaunting in front of her in every possible way, taking various poses. It is possible to understand that the female is also ready for mating by her behavior - she responds with mutual caresses, squints her eyes and constantly sits near her boyfriend.
On a note! Budgerigars are monogamous and, if they immediately reciprocate, their affection remains for life. Therefore, it is impossible to force birds to reproduce by force.
Mating itself occurs rather quickly; in most cases, bird owners do not have time to notice it. Even if the male managed to fertilize the female the first time, parrots often continue to mate for several days. As experts recommend, the best period for such a process falls on June-September, since it is at this time of the year that there is enough solar heat, light and fresh fruits.
How does nesting happen?
A few days after the mating, the behavior of the female can determine whether the attempt was successful. The bird will look for a nesting place in the dwelling. During this period, the breeder should take care of installing a house for future offspring. It is believed that the optimal parameters for it are 22x15x20 cm. The structure should be well fixed, preferably under the roof of the cage.
At first, birds may not perceive the house and go around it, but this is only temporary. After one or two days, the budgerigar, namely the female, will begin to examine it from all sides and restore its order in the structure. The male in such a period has other duties - he takes care of the expectant mother, feeds her and tweeted loudly.
At this time, it is necessary to provide the birds with a sufficient number of thin twigs of various fruit trees, they are necessary as building material for the nest. Also, for the arrangement and warming of the house, birds often begin to tear out their feathers. This behavior is especially noticeable in female "wavy".
All of the above signs indicate that the first egg should appear soon. During the nesting period, the couple should not be disturbed at all, and even less so - to touch the house, since there is a big risk that the female will abandon her nest after that.
From the moment of mastering the house until the first egg appears, a lot of time passes - up to one month. After which the female begins to lay eggs in a day. In the masonry, there may be 4-6 pieces. It depends on the age of the parent parrots, genetic predisposition, and environmental factors.
On a note! As a rule, budgies, which breed in captivity, lay 5 eggs each. It is this amount that the female is able to evenly provide heat to her body. If there are more eggs, professionals are advised to additionally use an incubator.
The period of incubation of the eggs of the "wavy" lasts no more than 18 days, the chicks appear the next day. After the birth of the first-born, the germinated grain should be gradually excluded from the parrot menu, replacing its share with vegetables that are rich in carotene. It is also necessary to maintain a sufficiently high humidity in the room on such days - about 60%.
It often happens that not all eggs from the masonry hatched, that is, froze. If we are talking about 1-2 pieces - this is considered the norm. Typically, this situation occurs if the female is too young and could not sufficiently warm the entire masonry. If not a single chick has hatched, there may be more than enough reasons for this:
- infectious or chronic diseases of the parents,
- poor or insufficient nutrition and drink,
- poor bird conditions
- genetic incompatibility of the pair.
Hatched chicks are very weak - they are not even able to hold their heads, therefore they lie on their backs. Many birch breeders ask a question: do you need human help during this period? No, the female will be able to feed and heat them herself.
Only two weeks after the last chick was born, the owner can open a nesting house for cleaning. You need to do this with rubber gloves very carefully and quickly, while the female is outside the nest. Subsequent cleanings are then required once a week.
When do chicks plant?
It is customary to transplant grown chicks from adults no earlier than a month after their birth. During this period, they already independently leave the nesting shelter and confidently rest on their paws. In some cases, the chicks are removed earlier from the female. For example, when she begins to behave aggressively with them. If this behavior is noticed, babies are fed artificially and are no longer allowed to see their mother.
In order to independently understand and see how "wavy" breed, special skills are not required. The main thing is to provide pets with timely care, hygiene and good nutrition.
The maintenance and breeding of budgies is considered one of the easiest, in comparison with other types of birds, so these birds are in high demand among buyers. If you are interested in breeding parrots as a business, then this information will be important for you.
The ideal pair for breeding would be birds of the same age, although this is not necessary. The color of the pen in pairing is irrelevant. Age, preferably, should not exceed a year. Breeding budgies will be more successful if the house is hung from the outside. If the birds are kept in the aviary, the "birdhouse" should hang no lower than a meter above the ground. In the cage, in addition to food and water, there should be sand for swimming, ground chalk and shell.
All females can lay eggs, but not all chicks hatch. Therefore, their eggs must be checked for clearance necessarily. If they are all empty, they are thrown away.
The house for budgies should be about 25 centimeters in length, and 15 in width and height. At the bottom, 2-3 centimeters of sawdust are poured.
Hatching of chicks occurs on day 18-20. Parents should feed the chick no later than 12 hours after he was born. These days can not be looked into the house, otherwise the birds may not return there. You can look in without touching anything with your hands, not earlier than 10 days of young growth.
The male feeds the nursing female, which feeds the babies with goiter milk. While the chicks are not feathered, the male often should not go into the house. When the chicks get older, the responsibility of feeding the older one passes to the male. Upon reaching the youngest age of approximately 40 days, the oldest will be expelled by the mother from the nest.
If the house is not cleaned on time, the female herself will disperse the chicks and will lay new eggs. It should not be forgotten that the breeding of budgies is noticeably simplified with an increase in their number - flocking birds have the ability to "synchronize" breeding. So the more pairs, the more chicks you can get at the same time.
Corella parrots, breeding of which will not be difficult, still differ in some features. So, although the parrots are ready for breeding from six months, it’s worth birds at least one and a half years to breed. If you have acquired an adult bird that you are unsure of the correct contents, it is better not to allow it to mate for 5-6 months, all this time providing it with thorough and proper care. It is advisable to form a couple at a young age and maintain it all their lives, since these birds have very strong mating ties.
The craving for reproduction appears in them only when a long daylight hours come - at least 16-18 hours. At home, this can be an artificial day, but then you need to hold the birds on this for a short day - 8-10 light hours per day.
It is better to make the nest with wood, with a long pole, on which two birds can fit at once. The size of the nest should be such that two parents and chicks fit there. Fix the box outside the cage. You can not choose boxes varnished or from particleboard - the smell of glue and varnish scares both the birds themselves and their offspring. In addition, it negatively affects health. Sawdust or shavings of deciduous trees are placed at the bottom of the box. In the bottom (the board is not thinner than 2 cm), make a small indentation so that the eggs do not roll out over the nest.
Hatching begins after there are already 2-3 eggs in the nest. It is characteristic that the male incubates them, while the female reports more eggs. In general, these parrots sit on their eggs alternately. Most often, the male sits during the day, and the female at night.
Chicks aged 35-40 days fly out of the nest. From this moment, the female can begin to lay eggs for the next laying. This process can be continuous, which will lead to the death of the female. To avoid this, after the departure of the chickens of the second masonry, the house must be removed. Repeat the breeding season is not worth it after 6 months.
Chicks not younger than 7-8 months old can leave the parental cage and get new hosts. Only by this age do they become completely independent.
The nesting house was made according to all the rules - from wooden boards, with a hinged roof.
Important! Do not use plastic, cardboard or glass. The design should “breathe”. Removable or hinged roof - for observation and cleaning.
Externally, nesting is a spilled birdhouse. Internal dimensions: bottom - 15 × 15 cm, wall height - 25 cm. Entrance - a hole with a diameter of 4.5 cm, located at a distance of 3 cm below the roof. Nesting house
Photo: Irina Lapteva, personal archive
In the center of the bottom, made of a thick board, a small round recess for masonry was hollowed out. The maximum depth is 1–2 cm. At the entrance to the nesting place there is a round-section perch.
Important! One end of the perch extends beyond the house by 10 cm, the other goes inside by 1.5 cm. This allows the male to feed the female sitting on the clutch, and the female is comfortable to go down.
The final touch is the litter of dry birch sawdust with a layer of 3-4 cm. In the wild, budgies do not build nests, but use suitable hollows. Therefore, the presence of litter is required. To scare off parasites, add 1 tablespoon of dried pharmacy chamomile to sawdust, which we did.
The breeding of lovebird parrots is not significantly different from the breeding of budgies. They put a house for them, small, about 20-25 centimeters, with a bottom area of about 17x17 cm. You do not need to lay the litter on the bottom - instead, put thin twigs in the house and cage, which the female herself will split into fibers and make a litter tender for her.
These birds incubate eggs for about 21-26 days. Parents feed their offspring on their own. Chicks leave the nest for 35-40 days, but their parents feed them for another 14 days. After this, the chicks can be planted in another cage. The best time for breeding is February-May and August-October. The reason is that the summer months are too dry for the eggs of these birds - frequent cases of embryo drying out.
Place for a nesting house
Books on breeding parrots recommend hanging nests on the walls. We decided to go the other way, we did not want to spoil the walls at all. Photo: Depositphotos
As soon as they made a nesting house, the cage with parrots moved from a shelf in the corridor to a coffee table in the living room. Here it was more convenient to admire the relations of our pets and then for the chicks. They put an oilcloth on the table, put a cage on it, and a nesting place nearby.
The process has begun!
In order to make things go faster, the nest was pushed close to the cage, combining their inputs (several books had to be put under the nesting house). Gosha immediately began to explore the new object and the very next day he began to actively offer it to Keshe.
Whatever he did for this: he spent a lot of time poking around in the house and carrying sawdust in his beak, twisting his legs and cooing, making invocative sounds and courting him more than ever. I even tried to move Kesha along the perch in the right direction. But she was in no hurry, only occasionally glancing at the nesting house.
After 3 days, she still deigned to visit the place of the future masonry. After that - the process has begun! Mating birds occurred several times a day. Gosha fed Kesha from the beak, and she carried sawdust from the house in her beak. We began to wait.
Important! During this period, nesting is best moved away from the cage by 10−20 cm, setting it on a flat, stable surface.
In breeding necklace parrots taken at the age of 1-3 years. Birds contained in the aviary will give offspring without any problems, but the cellular content does not often give the desired result.
For successful breeding of offspring, increased humidity is necessary, therefore, in addition to normal conditions, these birds put wet peat mixed with sawdust in the hatchery house. The eggs in the clutch are usually 2-4, which incubate for 21-30 days. Chicks acquire independence at the age of about 2 months, after which they can be planted in a separate cage.
Conditions for Successful Nesting
It is necessary to fulfill several more conditions for the breeding of healthy offspring of birds:
- The apartment should not be cold. Normal room air temperature (22-24 ° C) is quite suitable.
- The cage and nesting can not be placed at the window and in direct sunlight.
- During mating, a bowl with crushed eggshell and chalk is put in a cage. If there is no chalk, use calcium gluconate 1 tablet per day.
- In addition to millet and oats, chopped boiled eggs and raw vegetables are added to the diet.
And after 10 days the long-awaited moment came - the first egg appeared in the masonry! Our joy knew no bounds. From this moment, Kesha almost stopped leaving the nesting house. Gosha brought her food and water in her beak.
In those rare moments when she nevertheless got out of the nest, we urgently opened the roof to look at the egg and find out if a new one had appeared. Eggs appeared strictly every other day, as scheduled. The first clutch turned out of 7 eggs, two of which were empty.
5 chicks were born. The first hatched on the 18th day, all subsequent ones - just a day later, one after another. At first, the chicks looked like aliens: completely bald, dark pink in color, with large bulging blind eyes. All of them were of different sizes and pressed into a single lump. Photo: Irina Lapteva, personal archive
Then the first fluff and feathers appeared. Very soon, the younger ones caught up with the older ones in size, and the feathers acquired their final color. Kesha was light blue, and Gosha was bright green, so the color of the chicks turned out to be very diverse: dark blue, olive, bright green and two turquoise.
2 weeks after the appearance of the chicks, briefly need to be moved to the box to replace the sawdust and remove the empty eggs. On the 35th day, the chicks themselves will begin to leave the nesting house, awkwardly jumping from the perch.
At the age of 2 months, our friends dismantled all the chicks, and the nesting house was cleaned until the next laying.
- In order not to deplete the young female, they recommend nesting not more than 1 time per year.
Twice more, our pets hatched chicks. Gosha with extraordinary perseverance taught them to fly. Watching this was fun and interesting.
Samovigul on the couch
Photo: Irina Lapteva, personal archive
As you can see, there is nothing complicated in breeding parrots - it has been tested on personal experience. The main thing is to believe that everything will work out.
The content of several pairs in one cage or aviary increases the possibility of inducing aggression in the males of these birds, which lead to the killing of their own chicks. Egg incubation occurs within 20-21 days. The male feeds the female, but does not sit on the eggs. Parents feed the chicks together. Departure from the nest occurs approximately on the 35th day, however, parents feed them for another 2-3 weeks.
Very popular song parrots. Their breeding, however, is fraught with some difficulties. The fact is that males very quickly learn aggressive behavior towards offspring. Up to the point that he often kills chicks, who have not yet fledged. For this reason, most breeders try to allow only young parrots to breed. If the male has destroyed at least one offspring, he is almost unsuitable for further breeding. You can try to put it in another cage after hatching, but there is a high probability that the female herself will not be able to cope with feeding.
Whether you are going to breed parrots for income or do it for yourself, the main thing that you need to remember and observe is that you first need to take care of the health of the birds. Proper maintenance, free cells, fresh and varied food, a responsible approach to pairing - these are the main things that will make your birds healthy and happy. A healthy bird always has healthy offspring.