Sapsari or Sapsali are Korean dogs with a legendary history. More than a thousand years ago, they were exalted in folk art. Shaggy representatives of the shepherd breed, who came to Korea from the Far East, were considered guards from evil spirits. Sapsari started up as talismans, with the belief that such a dog will bring good luck to the owner. Therefore, four-legged shepherds more often accompanied a person in important life situations than a herd in the meadows. Like many centuries ago, modern saxars play the role of companions and guards. It is not easy to care for them (because of the thick coat), but they can be entrusted with personal safety. And also to admire how combed wool changes its ashen color to blue during an evening walk under the moonlight.
Dogs, the name of which in translation sounds like "those who seek the spirits," historically had no official duties. In Korea, they were kept for religious reasons, and the Japanese occupation did not spare the local breed. In the mid-twentieth century, peregrine falcons were destroyed, like other dogs alien to Japanese breeds. The debate about whether modern peregrine falcons should be called an authentic breed or an artificially renewed population ended after a genetic examination in 1969. She confirmed the purebredness of three dozen representatives of the breed. Over the course of half a century, their number has increased to 600. Today, real hussalis live on Kyungsan Farm, and Korea has recognized them as a national treasure. It is difficult to get such a dog outside the borders of the country, because the breed is almost unknown to the world.
Sapsari is a medium-sized dog, with a careful look of dark eyes from under the thick bangs. Her coarse hair falls off in long strands, her furry tail curls into a ring above her back. Most modern representatives of the breed have a yellow color, which has a wide range of shades: from barely golden to red. Blue saxars are less common - with white, grayish, ashen or almost black hair. All of them are united by a noticeable pigmentation of the nose. The saxars inherit shepherd dogs with their physique. They have a rectangular body, elongated limbs and a medium-sized head with hanging ears. A wide forehead turns into an elongated muzzle, a dense frame with hair resembles the exterior of an old English shepherd.
The noble character of this dog follows from its balanced and peaceful temperament. Sapsari is characterized by emotional stability, a strong attachment to a person, loyalty to all members of the seven. Such a pet will take part in children's games and protect the wards from external threats. However, do not leave him alone with the kids - an active dog can accidentally injure his tiny friend. Sapsari are distrustful of strangers, they are very observant and quickly recognize evil intentions. Subject to proper socialization, these dogs get along well with representatives of other breeds. Today, peregrine falcons are planted for protection and therapy. One should only bear in mind that the nature of such a pet does not allow him to remain alone for a long time - without masterful attention. Also, the behavior of a noble dog may deteriorate due to insufficient walks and physical activity.
The balanced temperament of the representatives of this breed does not save them from heart ailments. A good and faithful peregrine falcon may sometimes need the help of a cardiologist. The dog has a dislocation of the patella. Like all four-legged relatives, he is familiar with hip dysplasia. Thick and coarse sapsali hair can hide problem skin, which makes it necessary to carefully care for a furry pet. In order to maintain a cheerful mood and excellent health of the dog, the owner should carefully consider the diet of the parson. And also do not lose sight of possible allergies. To start a representative of this breed is for those who have enough time to care for the dog.
Shedding a peregrine falcon is a real test for the owner. The double coat of the dog is very thick and easily tangled, foreign objects get stuck in it, mats appear. Readiness for daily combing is an important “beacon” for acquiring such a pet. Among other things, the hair of a peregrine falcon can cause allergies. The dog’s half-length drooping ears need regular cleaning - it helps to avoid infectious inflammation. This dog does not bite its claws on its own, so the owner should immediately master the manicure procedure. Another aspect of caring for a representative of the Korean breed is brushing your teeth. Since peregrines really need communication, hygienic procedures only help to strengthen relationships with people.
Easy and successful training of a peregrine falcon is only a true leader. The dog seeks to please the person whom he respects, but will not obey the evil, loud and insecure trainer. The power of the master should be manifested in his consistency and perseverance, and not by physical coercion. A stock of commendable words and goodies will help teach rescuers many difficult tricks. Representatives of the breed are able to show excellent results of training. They also need free time and space for an energetic walk - like cattle dogs. Do not overwork the saxari with training. Moderate physical activity in the form of a peppy walk or activities in the fresh air is all that this homely, but far from “sofa” favorite needs.
FCI not recognized
Koreans believe that these animals have the ability to scare away evil spirits, ward off evil from home, and bring good luck. Sapsari are extremely loyal to the owner and members of his family, suspicious of strangers, brave and staunch in battle.
Sapsari is an ancient breed of Korean dogs not recognized by leading cynological organizations that was not originally intended to perform any service or work.
However, this dog has always been a good guard and guard, as well as an excellent companion and sports dog. She gets along well with children and other animals.
In 1969, a genetic scientist, Dr. Ha, began to study this breed and decided to restore the saxari population. In 30 individuals, he was able to establish pure breedness using DNA analysis.
The modern breed restoration program is supported by the Korean government. Sapsari declared a national natural monument No. 368.