Names: Javanese ferret badger.
Area: Indonesia (island of Java).
Description: looks very much like a Burmese ferret badger.
The body is long and thin, the legs are short and wide. Strong claws on the paws, adapted for digging. The muzzle is long, conical in shape, sharpening towards the end. The tail is long, covered with thick fur. Fingers partially webbed.
Color: gray or brown on the back of the body, belly lighter. On the head are white (or yellowish) and black spots. A thick black stripe runs across the forehead along the ears. Two short black stripes (on each side of the head) extend from the mouth (through the eyes) and merge with the transverse black strip. Cheeks are white. A thin white stripe begins with the crown of the head and ends on the shoulders. The inside of the ears and nose are pink. The toes are pinkish.
The size: body length 33-44 cm, tail 15-23 cm.
Weight: 1-2 kg.
Enemies: large carnivorous predators and birds.
Food: Javanese ferret badger is omnivorous, eats animals (young rats, birds and their eggs, amphibians, insects and invertebrates) with pleasure, plant foods (fruits, fruits and plants occupy a smaller part of its diet) and carrion.
Behavior: leads a nocturnal lifestyle. In the daytime, usually hiding in a hole or other shelter. The burrow itself does not dig, but uses abandoned burrows of other animals.
During the attack, the predator is protected by a caustic and smelly secret from the proanal glands.
Social structure: except for the breeding season, leads a solitary lifestyle.
Breeding: female brings one litter per year.
Pregnancy: Lasts up to 80 days.
Progeny: female gives birth to 3 naked and blind puppies. Lactation lasts 2-3 months.
Population / conservation status: A Javanese ferret badger is rare throughout the range. Two subspecies are distinguished: Melogale orientalis orientalis (east of Java) and Melogale orientalis sundaicus (west of Java).
Credit: Portal Zooclub
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Conjugation table for badger
|he / she / it||badgers|
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The Javanese ferret badger is an endemic animal, found only on the islands of Java and Bali in Indonesia. Its exact range is unknown, but it is present in hilly and mountainous areas, and can also occur at lower altitudes. In Bali, it was recorded on a forest road at 1,180 m (3,871 ft) and elsewhere, the exact location of which was not fixed. On the islands of Java there are two subspecies, M. o. orientalis in the eastern part of the island and M. o. sundaicus in west java.
An adult Javanese ferret badger weighs 1 to 2 kg (2.2 and 4.4 pounds), with a body length of 35 to 40 cm (14 to 16 inches) and a tail of 14.5 to 17 cm (6 to 7 in )
The head is small, with a narrow, blunt snout, long mustache and large eyes. The body is low with brown silky fur with a touch of red, and in some it looks dark yellow or grayish. The back of the head and throat are dark brown and there are white marks on the face, neck, throat, chest and stomach.
Like other ferret badgers, the Javanese ferret badger is a digging animal. Mostly leads a nocturnal lifestyle, gathering in small groups of adults and adolescents for feeding together. Often found in dense thickets, on trees and shrubs.