About animals

King Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesi

Pin
Send
Share
Send


Striped-tailed pheasants (Syrmaticus) are sometimes called long-tailed, their tail is very long, up to 160 cm, wedge-shaped, contains 16-20 tail feathers, and their middle pair is the longest in some species. Tail feathers with wide transverse stripes, for which the birds got their generic name. Everyone knows about 5 species of these pheasants.

In captivity, they are unpretentious, easily tolerate cold, they can be kept year-round in spacious enclosures (a large area is necessary because of the long tails). Perches should be installed no closer than 2 m from the net, and feeders and drinking bowls should be placed around the perimeter of the enclosures. Feeding the strip-tailed pheasants and the diet for them are the same as for ordinary pheasants. Birds also eagerly eat compound feeds made for meat chickens or turkeys.

Breeding strip-tailed pheasants is practically no different from ordinary breeding, but still it is better to keep them in the aviary, where an artificial landscape is created that is close to natural. Separate shrubs should be planted at least 1/3 of the area, and the space between them should be sown with alfalfa, clover or other herbaceous plants. In order for the birds to rush in certain places, they make several artificial nests under the bushes (pits lined with a small amount of hay), from which 2 times a day (at noon and in the evening) eggs are picked and laid to hens or turkeys. Sometimes females independently breed and raise chicks. In the enclosure, it is better to keep only one family of pheasants, in this case the breeding will be more successful, without the death of clutches, chicks and adult birds.

Best known from this groupking pheasant (Syrmaticus reeveci). The plumage seems scaly due to the shiny dark brown and black rims on the feathers. The head is black with a white cap and a wide ring that runs from the throat to the back of the head. The wings are light with black bordering feathers, belly and lower chest are black-brown. Tail with alternating black silver-gray transverse stripes, legs lead gray. Beak is light gray. The length of the male is about 210, the tail is 100 - 160 cm. The female has a dark brown head, lighter on the sides, the ear region and black strokes under the eye. On the wings are brown-brown feathers with gray tips and black spots. The underside is a greenish tint, the tail is grayish-brown with brown and black transverse stripes and the blackish-white tips of the tail feathers. The length of the female is 75, the tail is 35 - 45 cm.

The common pheasant is widespread in the mountain forests of North and Central China at an altitude of 300 to 1800 m above sea level.

These birds were brought to Europe at the beginning of the last century. Now they are quite common in zoos. Amateur poultry farmers also contain them. They are currently the most popular among all the stripe-tailed pheasants. Birds are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, although they are still more sensitive to low temperatures and dampness than ordinary pheasants.

Royal pheasants are kept in enclosures of 15 m2, the floor is covered with a layer of clean sand. Diet, as for a hunting pheasant, but with the addition of chopped fruits and vegetables.

It is better to breed birds in spacious enclosures. The males during the current often emit short but sharp sounds, and the females - something like a quiet cluck. The male lifts the feathers of the neck, flaps its wings and lifts his head high, fanning the female from the side with its tail, like a fan. As soon as she lays eggs, he finds the second - and everything repeats. The laying of royal pheasants continues depending on climatic conditions from the end of March or the second half of April to June, when birds are kept in insulated rooms with artificial lighting, it can begin earlier, in late February. In clutches, older females have more eggs than first-year-olds. Usually, royal pheasants are bred under hens or eggs are laid in an incubator, since this way you can get more eggs, but if there are females diligently hatching eggs, they should leave the last clutch.

Chicks hatched in incubators are kept in cells heated by electric heaters with an area of ​​at least 2 m2 per 150 pheasants up to 20-25 days of age, as they are more tender and sensitive to low temperature than chicks from a hunting pheasant. Then they are transferred to spacious enclosures with electric heaters (planting density - 1 individual per 1 m2), where they are kept up to 6 weeks of age. This alternation allows you to use each aviary several times a season, while the losses of pheasants do not exceed 10%.

Pheasant: keeping and breeding. A.I. Rakhmanov, B.F. Bessarabov

Spread

King Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesi) distributed in the mountain forests of North and Central China at an altitude of 300 to 1800 m above sea level.

These birds were brought to Europe at the beginning of the last century. Now they are quite common in zoos. Amateur poultry farmers also contain them. They are currently the most popular among all the stripe-tailed pheasants. Birds are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, although they are still more sensitive to low temperatures and dampness than ordinary pheasants.

Appearance

The plumage of this pheasant seems scaly due to the shiny dark brown and black edges on the feathers. The head is black with a white cap and a wide ring that runs from the throat to the back of the head. The wings are light with black bordering feathers, belly and lower chest are black-brown. Tail with alternating black silver-gray transverse stripes, legs lead gray. Beak is light gray. The length of the male is about 210, the tail is 100-160 cm. The female’s head is dark brown, its sides are lighter, the ear region and strokes under the eye are blackish. On the wings are brownish brown feathers with gray tips and black spots. The underside is a greenish tint, the tail is grayish-brown with brown and black transverse stripes and the blackish-white tips of the tail feathers. The length of the female is 75, the tail is 35-45 cm.

Pin
Send
Share
Send