Most breeders mate Corelli in winter, December or January. However, some poultry breeding experts are of the opinion that it is best to mate parrots in the fall, in September or October, because during this period they nest most actively. In addition, there is an opinion that Corell should be mated in spring or summer, as the chicks grown in winter are often weakened.
In any case, no matter what time of year you choose, to ensure optimal external conditions, you must carefully prepare for the breeding season. An important role in the successful breeding of Corellas is played by hygiene. Cages, cages, nesting boxes, drinking bowls, feeders, bathtubs and poles should be washed and disinfected. An equally important role in preparing birds for breeding plays a nutritious diet.
A medium-sized parrot from the Kakadu family weighs 100 g. Body size is about 30 cm, tail length reaches 15 cm, wingspan 40 cm. Beak is small, but quite powerful. A distinctive feature of Corell is a high crest on the head.
The natural color is not very bright, the males look somewhat more colorful than the females. Chicks at a young age have the same faded color as females. Only when reaching the age of puberty, males acquire the characteristic plumage. Usually, changes begin to occur from 6 months of age.
Corellas breed well in captivity, artificially bred parrots are distinguished by a wide variety of plumage coloring options. The most common mutation is lutino. Individuals of this species are painted yellow. They have red eyes and orange cheeks.
Corells live only in Australia. These birds are monogamous. Their breeding season coincides with the rainy season and lasts from October to December. Parrots nest in the hollow of a dead tree at a height of 2 m above the ground. The female lays 4 to 7 eggs, one egg per day.
Both parents are equally involved in hatching eggs and feeding chicks. Chicks appear in 17-23 days, they are completely helpless. After 5 weeks, the chicks leave the nest. Their puberty occurs in 6-11 months.
In the wild, corals live 12-15 years. When kept at home, the parrot can reach the age of 25 years with proper care.
When planning to breed Corella at home, pay attention to the behavioral characteristics of these parrots. The emotions they experience clearly demonstrate parts of the bird's body:
- Excitement, alertness - crest stands upright, eyes wide open.
- Aggression, preparation for an attack - the crest is slightly inclined and pressed to the head, the pupils are dilated, the feathers are disheveled, the tail is loose. The bird flips its beak and flaps its wings.
- Playfulness - crest is kept steady, slightly touches the back, eyes narrowed.
Parrots have a sharp and unpleasant voice. The more excited the bird, the higher the voice.
If Corella hisses, this is a sign that she is preparing to attack. The parrot reacts this way if it considers that an attempt is being made to seize his house. Do not stick your fingers between the rods, Corella bites are very painful.
Corella is sensitive to affection. She likes scratching her head and fingering feathers on the back of her head.
Corells are shy. Under stress, untamed parrots can be aggressive, getting to the new owner. It is better to buy a bird in a nursery or from trusted breeders. It is not recommended to take an adult non-socialized bird: it will not be able to get used to the owner and will cause him a lot of trouble.
Female and male - what is the difference
In Corelli, it is practically impossible to distinguish a female from a male by plumage. It is especially difficult to solve the problem of gender in the chicks. When they begin puberty, some masculine behaviors will clearly indicate the bird’s floor:
- He constantly sings roulades, behaves noisily.
- It beats with its beak, drawing attention to itself.
- Raises wings in the shape of a "V" sign.
When a couple of opposite sexes lives together from a young age, and they have no alternative to meet other partners, their friendships can gradually turn into marital relations. The mutual interest that has arisen will clearly manifest. Birds will sit side by side on the perch and gently touch feathers with each other with their beaks. The male’s readiness for mating is demonstrated by the increased intensity of his chants.
If your pet is brought up alone and when replanting an extraneous parrot between the corals, aggression occurs, perhaps this is due to the increased level of testosterone in the male. Short-term separation usually allows you to cope with this problem. If the mutual hostility does not go away, you will have to take care of acquiring other marriage partners.
What to feed
When breeding Corell at home, parrots are fed a well-balanced food. For this, a grain mixture for medium-sized parrots is suitable. Additionally, add to the diet:
- grated carrots
- slices of cabbage
- slices of apple, pear,
- plantain seeds
- dandelion leaves
- a few drops of vegetable oil,
- sprouted grains
- honey (2 g once a week),
- boiled egg (2 to 3 times a week a little).
Honey and butter can be given on a small piece of bread. Birds love to gnaw on fresh tree branches. Be sure to have special mineral additives in the form of sand and pebbles in the cage.
After the birds are located in the nest for hatching, soft egg food should be excluded from their diet. Its presence stimulates the female to lay more eggs.
When the chicks hatch, the mashed egg will become their main food, and it will again be returned to the feeder. Grown up chicks, feeding on their own, switch to the usual diet of parrots.
Parents feed the children, burping them food right in the beak. Chicks can be taken from their parents for artificial feeding when their eyes open. This usually occurs on days 10-12. “Feathers” are fed with warm liquid porridge made from infant formula. You can also feed and "naturalists" to accustom them to human hands.
Daylight Saving Requirements
A long daylight stimulates parrots to breed, for a cockatiel it should be at least 16 hours. Prior to this, for a month the birds are kept on a shortened bottom, its duration is 8 - 10 hours. During this period, the parrots must be molted, their sex glands are activated.
It is possible to provide the necessary duration of daylight hours with the help of additional sources of artificial lighting and dense material thrown over the cage. Add the "day" the parrot should be gradually, daily for 10 minutes. Too abrupt changes in conditions can adversely affect his sexual function.
Comfortable conditions in the room for breeding pairs are maintained at a constant air temperature of 18 - 20 ° C and humidity of 50-60%.
A nest placed in a cage serves as a signal pushing the parrots to mate. This process usually takes about a week, but there may be exceptions. As a nesting box, a special box is used, it can be bought in a store.
By the behavior of the parents, you can accurately determine when eggs will appear in the nest. Birds alternately perform the duties of a brood hen: in the afternoon, the male deals with eggs, at night the female replaces him at the post. After 21 days from the time of laying, chicks will begin to appear.
Once the chicks were born, you have to solve the problem of feeding them:
- Option 1 - parents are engaged in chicks.
- Option 2 - chicks are taken from the parent nest and they are completely dependent on the person.
Birds raised according to the second option are called "feeding ups". They are completely tame, friendly to people and amenable to training. It is noticed that these individuals are not able to reproduce.
Chicks raised by their parents, the future owner will need to pay more attention. But if you pick them up at an early age, you can create contact with them.
When the chicks leave the nest, first one of the parents accompanies them in flight. Their first route runs to the feeder, from which an adult bird teaches the chick to eat on its own.
After 5 weeks, the chicks cease to need parental care, they can be sent to another cage. Free parents immediately rush to fill the nest with new masonry.
Frequent egg-throwing weakens the female. To dampen the instinct of reproduction in it, you should remove the nest from the cage, reduce daylight hours and lower the calorie content of the feed. To maintain health, the parrot should be nestled no more than once every six months.
Chicks who have reached 10 weeks of age can already be given to other owners, but their sex will not be possible to determine without DNA analysis, until they show characteristic behavioral symptoms.
The reproduction of Corella parrots at home is easy. Before you do this, think about what you will do with the chicks.
To get healthy and strong chicks, for mating you need to select physically and mentally healthy birds. When choosing future parents, pay attention to their condition. You can’t get normal chicks from injured or weakened Korell disease.
Even if there are no visible manifestations of diseases or injuries, it is better to be safe. Get bird tests at your nearest veterinary hospital to check for possible hidden diseases.
Avoid breeding closely related corella - inbreeding. This type of mating is used by scientists to consolidate a mutation: lutino, albino, and so on. For you, such a procedure is meaningless. Moreover, inbreeding has negative consequences for future parents: in female Corellus, egg production decreases, in males - the fertility of eggs. And the chicks may have health problems and congenital defects:
- deformation of the horny layers, wings, paws,
- problems with the musculoskeletal system,
- malfunctioning of vital organs,
- decreased immunity.
Corells are ready for breeding as early as nine months. However, rearing young birds is not recommended. The risk of giving birth to weak chicks is high, their mortality increases. Young parrots quickly deplete their body. After all, they spend on the chicks the resources of the body, which are still needed for development by themselves. The rising nine-month-old generation can take good care of chicks, which is why they die.
It is better to allow breeding to breed, starting from the age of one. At this point, the avian organism is already strong enough.
The ideal age for breeding parrots is one and a half to two years. You will have time to prepare the mating organisms for mating using a properly balanced diet. Especially if you are not sure that the former pet owners fed them well. The rules of the diet can be found below.
Regular walks around the room will also be useful: running on the floor, flying. Especially if parrots have obesity, which reduces the chance of normal breeding. Physical activity favorably affects the state of Corellus, training their muscles and eliminating excess weight.
Corellas are devoted birds, in the wild they try to find a mate for life. Therefore, at home it is desirable for them to provide an opportunity for independent choice of a partner. For owners who want to engage in the breeding of these birds, the aviary content of many parrots will be optimal. In this case, they will be able to pick up a pair for themselves.
If you are only going to buy a pair for your pet, then you need to introduce them gradually. By immediately launching a new tenant into the cage, you can provoke a fight over the territory. It is better to put two cells next to each other or introduce Corell during a free walk around the room.
Over time, the male will begin to care for the female: feed, clean her feathers, dance, coo. If the female reciprocates, then the pair has taken place.
Choosing a time for mating Corelli
In the wild, Corellus nesting occurs during the rainy season. During this period, there is enough food and water to feed the chicks, suitable humidity and a long photoperiod (daylight hours). Since Russia is at this time winter, some experts believe that December-January is the most suitable time for breeding parrots.
According to other experts, there is no specific time for breeding of the Corelli - at home they can mate year-round. Domesticated Corellas have no weather dependence. All the conditions they create a person.
Based on the latest opinion, it is better to choose spring for breeding pets. At this time of the year a wide selection of seasonal vegetables, fruits, berries, greens. Long spring days and sunny heat are also favorable conditions for mating birds. It’s too hot in summer, autumn coolness increases the risk of a cold in Corellia.
Despite the fact that the corals are extremely prolific birds, you do not need to force them to mate more than twice a year. Frequent reproduction threatens their physical and mental condition, draining the body and causing constant anxiety. Parrots should have enough time to recover and prepare for the next clutch.
Parrots in the wild nest in hollows. Domesticated corolla need to arrange a structure suitable for hatching eggs. A male with a female and chicks should be placed in it. Therefore, purchase or make your own nesting house of the following sizes, based on one pair of Corelli:
- length - forty-forty-five centimeters,
- width - forty-forty-five centimeters,
- height - thirty-five centimeters.
These are the sizes of a horizontal house. Unlike the vertical design, it has a big plus: jumping down, parrots will not damage the masonry. In a horizontal house, you can place the eggs not immediately under the entrance (let), but on the side. To achieve this effect, the notch should also be on the side: five centimeters from the end of the wall, and as much below the top edge. Its diameter is about eight centimeters.
The walls of the nesting house should be made of dry hardwood boards one or two centimeters wide. The bottom thickness is three centimeters. Then the house will be able to withstand disinfection with boiling water. The board does not allow noise well, but it retains heat, which allows the corals to feel safe. It is better if the lid will open at the house, which will allow you to carefully look after the chicks and do the cleaning.
A little bit below the entrance there should be a perch: ten to fifteen centimeters outside, and inside - along the entire length of the house. It is advisable that there is a step on the floor of the house, directly under the entrance. In order for the eggs not to roll along the bottom of the house, a hole must be made in the place of future masonry. Its depth should be two centimeters with a diameter of fifteen to seventeen centimeters.
Two or four rows of small holes for air ventilation should be made along the bottom of the nesting house. In the hot season, under the bottom of the house you need to substitute dishes with clean water. Water vapor passing through the holes will moisten the interior of the nest.
At the bottom of the nesting house, pour three to four centimeters of dry sawdust. Use sawdust of birch or fruit trees. Be sure to add a teaspoon of pharmacy chamomile to the sawdust - it will scare off the parasites.
If the birds start throwing sawdust - do not worry, they better know what their nest should be.You can add a little dry hay so that future parents have something to build a nest from.
Detailed illustrated instructions on how to make a house for a parrot with your own hands, you can find on the link.
Suitable breeding conditions for Corellia
To bring the microclimate in the room where the pets live to a subtropical one, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of twenty to twenty-five degrees.
Also in the room you need to set the humidity to sixty-seventy percent, which is created using an air ionizer. You can use alternative methods - spray the walls of the house with water three to four times a day. And in the winter, hang wet towels on the batteries, changing them as they dry.
If you planned to breed Corelli in the spring, then additional lighting is not required. Artificial lighting will be needed in winter. After all, an important rule for breeding these parrots is a photoperiod of at least fifteen hours. Increase the daylight hours gradually - every day for thirty-sixty minutes, for seven to ten days.
Keep clean both in the cage and in the nesting house. Hygienic procedures will help to avoid infection. All items that Corelli regularly use must be cleaned, washed with clean water and treated with boiling water two to three times a week.
Three months before mating, and during the nesting season, it is necessary to diversify their menu. Birds should receive not only nutrients, but also vitamin and mineral supplements. Add a large amount of vegetables, fruits, berries, greens to the diet. Use liquid vitamins in winter.
Make porridge porridge from rice, buckwheat, barley. Give honey (two to three grams per day), chopped nuts, fruit tree branches, sprouted grains, minerals with lots of calcium - sepia, chalk. Obligatory products containing protein: boiled egg, cottage cheese, flour worms.
Until the female lays the first egg, the proteins are given every other day, the rest of the products every day. As soon as the female lays the first egg, only germinated grain and grain mixture are left in the diet. Otherwise, the female will begin to lay many eggs, which will quickly deplete her body.
When the first chick appears, you can resume feeding all of the above. Moreover, protein products need to be added to the bird menu every day. Food needs to be changed every three to four hours, in the summer - every two to three hours. Otherwise, the products may deteriorate, and the birds may become poisonous.
Oviposition and hatching period
Having organized the necessary climate and hanging a nesting house, you will stimulate the reproduction of Corellia. The mating period of parrots lasts seven to ten days, in rare cases - about a month. After about ten to fourteen days, or a little later, the first testicle appears. Before laying the egg, the female begins to noticeably worry, her breathing quickens.
The female lays an egg a day or every other day. As a result, the clutch should have from three to seven eggs. When the female lays the second or third egg, they with the male take turns to hatch them. The shelving period sometimes reaches ten hours, at which time the male warms the masonry.
From time to time, the female turns and lays eggs so that the chicks do not stick to the wall of the shell and warm evenly. The female rarely leaves the nest to go to the toilet and have a bite. The rest of the time, the male feeds her.
Somewhere in twenty-one days the first chick should appear. You will find out about this by a characteristic squeak. In what sequence the female laid her eggs, in this order the babies will appear.
Start cleaning in the nesting house only two weeks after hatching the last chick. If parents show aggression, it is better to postpone cleaning. Excessive anxiety will only harm Corells and their babies.
For three to four days, the female feeds the chicks with a yellowish-white liquid - goiter milk. After this, Corella begins to give them semi-digested food received from the male.
If the birds did not begin to feed the chicks due to fatigue and lack of parental instinct, you will have to help them.
Every two hours, feed the chicks with baby formula. It should be liquid and heated to a temperature of thirty-five degrees. For convenience, use a syringe without a needle.
After a week, start feeding the chicks every three hours. When they are two weeks old, add well-boiled liquid porridge from crushed millet to baby food. Increase the amount of food so as not to feed babies at night. When the chicks turn one month old, start giving them a grain mixture from a spoon five to six times a day until they start eating on their own.
If you have already been involved in breeding Corelli, share your experience with us. Perhaps you have something to add.
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