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Thunbergia winged (Thunbergia Alata) plant for the balcony

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Botanical name: Thunbergia.

Tunbergia flower - family . Acanthus.

Origin . Tropical areas of Africa and Asia.

Height . From 120 cm to several meters. Tunbergia plant develops very quickly and can add 3 m of growth in one season.

Primary genus: Thunbergia
The soil
  • Neutral, loose, peat-based with a good drainage layer.
The size
  • from 180 to 300 cm
Flowering time
  • May to September
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Many // Western, southern orientation, may require several hours of direct sunlight
    Watering
    • Medium // Heavy watering 2-3 times a week
    Difficulty of care
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Little // Undemanding to moisture in water
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Medium // Fertilizer only during the period of active growth (minimum during the rest period)

    Winged Tunbergia belongs to climbing plants. Its pubescent stems grow up to 3 m in length. Leaves are opposite, pubescent from below, ovate or triangular-ovate in shape 2.5–7.5 cm long with small notches at the edges. At the base, the shape of the leaves resembles a heart. Petioles are approximately equal in length to leaf blades.

    The flowers of this species are axillary, with a diameter of up to 4 cm, attached to the stems with long pedicels. The color of the corolla border is cream or yellow-brown with black edges.

    With this type of vine, with proper care, many single flowers grow. They are united by a characteristic black eye in the center, and the color scheme is quite diverse. Common colors: white, yellow, brown, cream and orange. There are several varieties of winged Tunbergia: Alba, Auraotiaca, Bakeri, Doddsii, Frieri and Lutea.

    The plant actively blooms in June. To prolong the process, wilted flowers must be removed in a timely manner. This species is common among lovers due to its decorative properties. It can be grown like an ampelous plant, but it grows well on supports, to which it must be tied.

    2.1 Propagation, growing from seeds

    Plant seeds are sown in early spring. At an air temperature of about 20 ° C, germination will occur within 1 - 1.5 months. Vegetative propagation is carried out using half-ripened stem cuttings in spring and summer. Cuttings 8 to 10 cm long are separated with a sharp sterile instrument and rooted in a mixture of wet peat and sand, using growth hormones.

    2.2.Tunbergia at home

    Pinch fading flowers to extend flowering time. Thin stems of the plant provide support, which they easily braid. The apical buds are regularly nipped to form lateral shoots. To maintain a neat shape, stems that are too long are cut off. If possible, place the plants outside during the warmer months.

    2.3 Growing conditions - temperature

    Suitable year-round warm content at ordinary room temperature in the range of 18 - 24 ° C. In the fall it is advisable to take the plant to a cool place where it will spend a period of rest. In the cold season, do not expose plants to temperatures below 10 ° C.

    2.4. Soil for tunbergia

    Soil should easily pass moisture and be sufficiently nutritious. A mixture of peat, leaf humus, well-rotted manure with the addition of drainage materials is suitable. The soil must have a neutral or near neutral pH.

    2.6 Pests and diseases

    With insufficient lighting, flowering will be less plentiful or not at all. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight during the daytime leads to burns on the leaves. Fungal diseases occur in poorly ventilated areas. Plants rot with insufficient drainage or excessive watering.

    Spider mites, whiteflies, aphids, scale insects.

    Winged tunbergia

    (Thunbergia Alata) representative of the Acanthus family (Acanthaceae). In its natural environment, South and Southeast Africa - this long, strong plant is a climber (vine) and grows up to 3 meters in length. The winged tunbergia grows rapidly, but in our climate reaches a length of only 100-150 cm. The stems are slender, sparsely branched, covered with diametrically opposed paired green leaves in the shape of a heart. The upper side of the leaves is shiny. In June, ornamental flowers appear in the axils of the leaves, consisting of five petals in the form of a crown, forming a slightly swollen tube in the lower part. The outer part of the petals is mostly orange (there are yellow and white flowers), while the inside of the tube is dark (almost black).

    The latest developments of the breeders were presented to the gardeners of Tunberg with flowers of cream color and even without dark spots. Thunbergia blooms until October. During intense heat, flowering decreases, but with decreasing temperature, flowering again becomes more plentiful.

    Winged tunbergia not hardy, and already the first, severe autumn frosts can cause its death. Nonetheless, tunbergia flower can winter indoors. In this case, next year the plant will begin to bloom earlier than usual flowering time. To do this, before the first autumn frosts, the flowers are transferred to a bright room and kept throughout the winter at a temperature of about 10 ºC. During this period, flowers tunbergia may lose leaves and go to rest.

    In the spring, before putting flowers on the balcony, they are transplanted into nutrient soil and the stems are cut. Then the plant is transferred to a room with a temperature of 15-18 ° C, which leads to the resumption of growth and the formation of young shoots. On the eve of May (June), when the air temperature stabilizes at 10-15 ° C, the plant is taken out to the balcony, terrace or garden.

    The soilfor good growth and development of the plant should be fertile, with a light alkaline environment, moderately moist and drained. An excellent earthen mixture is compost or a special substrate for flowering plants.

    Location. Winged Tunbergia on the balcony requires shelter from strong winds (gusts can damage delicate leaves and flowers). The plant can grow not only in full sun, where it blooms profusely, but in partial shade, where it will bloom less. In spring and autumn, it is best to place a liana on the south side of the terrace.

    Watering. Tunbergia winged constantly requires a slightly moist substrate. This is especially important during the flowering period, because due to lack of moisture, the plant withers, and all blooming flowers wilt. If this happens, then no watering can lift the plant. Therefore, the flower is abundantly watered, on especially hot days, even twice: early in the morning and late in the evening. Tunbergia require regular top dressing, which should be carried out immediately before the development of the first buds. It is better to use fertilizers for flowering plants.

    Varieties of winged tunbergia

    The natural forms of tunbergia with a winged eye have yellow-orange flowers with a tube dark inside, occasionally the flowers are white. Varieties are often hybrids with other decorative types of tunbergias.

    Currently, the most common are:

    • Sortoseriya Blashing susio - includes pastel shades of cream, salmon, peach and red with a dark eye. Plant height - from 90 to 150 cm.
    • Sortoseriya Susio series - includes colors orange, light yellow, white with an eye, light yellow and white without an eye. Plants are taller, up to 2 m.
    • Grade Salmon shades has flowers from cream to salmon. Height - 120-150 cm.
    • Arizona dark red - has flowers of various shades, from orange to wine red. Height 120-180 cm.
    • African suset - variety up to 2 m tall, with flowers in the colors of the "African sunset" - from red to apricot, with a burgundy eye,
    • Superstar orange - flowers of a bright orange color with a dark eye,
    • Orange beauty - flowers of different shades of orange, plant height - up to 2 m.
    • Sunny Lemon Star - Lemon-yellow rosette with an eye. You are a cell from 1.5 m, in good conditions it can reach 2.5 m.

    Propagation of winged tunbergia

    The winged tunbergia propagates by seeds, often in the seedling method. Seeds germinate easily in the dark in humus, with the addition of sand, moderately moist soil under glass or film. They can be sown from February to April. At a temperature of + 21 ... + 24 ° C, the seeds germinate for 6-10 days. After the appearance of the first true leaves, the temperature of the content is slightly reduced, to + 18 ... + 20 ° C, and humidity is reduced. Immediately begin to feed with a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen (75-100 mg per 1 liter of water).

    The grown seedlings dive in pots with a diameter of 13 cm for 2-3 pieces, maintain the temperature within + 13 ... + 20 ° C with good air ventilation. They give support. To enhance branching, seedlings pinch over the 3-4th pair of leaves. Before planting in open ground, seedlings are hardened at a temperature of + 10 ... + 12 o C.

    At all stages of cultivation, seedlings need good lighting, powerful illumination with phytolamps is necessary.

    Flowering occurs 90-110 days after sowing, in June.

    It is possible to sow in open ground in May, but then there is a risk that the crops will fall under frost. In addition, flowering will come much later. If the summer is cold and rainy, the plant stops growing.

    If there are conditions for the winter maintenance of tunbergia (a light sill of the southern exposure, or artificial illumination), then it is possible to sow seedlings in August and keep them indoors at winter (see Winged Tunbergia). Such plants, transplanted in late May to early June in open ground, bloom earlier and bloom richer.

    Growing

    Growing conditions. Tunbergia is thermophilic, needs the sun, but is able to grow in a light shade. In our climate, it is better that there is no shadow, and the plant is protected from cold winds.

    The soil Thunbergia needs fertile, drained, preferably - well-made. Before planting, superphosphate is introduced into the pits, and after that, planted plants are mulched with compost. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm.

    Top dressing. For abundant flowering, it is recommended to feed the turgia every 2 weeks with a complex mineral fertilizer having the composition N: P: K = 3: 1: 5, 2: 3: 2 is permissible. Mulch with a small layer of compost 2-3 times during the summer.

    Watering. Water, despite the drought tolerance of the plant, is moderate, but regularly. In dry periods - every day. Otherwise, tunbergia loses part of the foliage and quickly fades. Although, with the resumption of watering, flowering is restored. And unsightly parts can be cut off, it only stimulates the growth of new shoots.

    Pests. Thunbergia can be affected by aphids, spider mites, whiteflies.

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